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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Electoral College
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president.
Electors
Persons appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates.
Executive Order
A rule or command that has the force of the law.
Pardon
A declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
Amnesty
A pardon to a group of people.
Reprieve
An order to delay a persons punishment until a higher court can hear the case.
Foreign Policy
A nations overall plan for dealing with other nations.
National Security
The ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm.
Executive Agreement
An agreement between the president and the leader of another country.
Ambassador
an official representative of a country's government.
Trade Sanctions
an effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers
Embargo
An agreement among a group of nations that prohibits all of them from trading with a target nation.
Federal Bureaucracy
The collective agencies and employees of the executive branch.
Independent Agencies
Federal board or commission that is not part of any cabinet department.
Government Corporations
A business owned and operated by the federal government.
Political Appointees
A person appointed to a federal position by the president.
Civil Service Workers
Person hired into a government position.
Civil Service System
The practice of hiring government workers on the basis of open, competitive examinations and merit.
Spoils System
rewarding people with government jobs on the basis of their political support.
Merit System
Hiring people into government jobs on the basis of their qualifications.
Connect Circuits to Judicial Branch
Each court has jurisdiction over a certain district or area.
Connect Jurisdiction to Judicial Branch
Jurisdiction is the extent of legal authority of the court.
Connect Exclusive Jurisdiction to Judicial Branch
Exclusive jurisdiction means that only federal courts have the right to view certain courses.
Connect Concurrent Jurisdiction to Judicial Branch
Concurrent jurisdiction means that both state and federal courts have the right to view a case.
Connect District Courts to Judicial Branch
district courts are the lowest system of courts and because of this, they see the most amount of cases.
Connect Original Jurisdiction to Judicial Branch
Means that the court has the right to view a case for the first time.
Connect Appeals court to Judicial Branch
Appeals court is the court in between district court and the supreme court. They see the second most amount of cases.
Connect Appelate Jurisdiction to Judicial Branch
Appellate jurisdiction is the jurisdiction that the Appellate court (Court of Appeals) has.
Connect Remanding to Judicial Branch
Courts can remand a case, or send it back to court to be retried.
Connect Precedent to Judicial branch
Precedent is a previous court decision that is used to make a decision on a similar argument.
Connect Judicial Review to Judicial Branch
Judicial review is when the court reviews the record of a case to decide what to do.
Connect Constitutionality to Judicial Branch
The courts see if the laws are constitutionally correct.
Connect Docket to Judicial Branch
The courts see if the laws are constitutionally correct.
Connect Concurring Opinion to Judicial Branch
Concurring opinion is a statement written by a justice who votes with the majority but for a different reason.
Connect Dissenting Opinion to Judicial Branch
A statement written by a justice with a differing opinion.
Connect Unanimous Opinion to Judicial Branch
When the Supreme court rules on a case in which all justices agree on the ruling.
Connect Stare Decisis to Judicial Branch
The practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding a case.
Connect Maybury V. Madison to Judicial Branch
A court case that formed the basis for judicial review.