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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
the ordinary form of writing language; most writing that is not poetry, drama, or song is considered prose
one of the 3 major types of literature, the other being prose and drama; most poems make use of highly concise, musical, and emotionally charged language; many also make use of imaginary, figurative language, and special devises such as rhyme; major types of poetry include lyric poetry, narrative poetry, and concrete poetry
a long work of fiction; novels contain such elements as characters, plot, conflict, and settings; the writer of novels, or novelist, develops these elements in addition to its main plot, a novel may contain 1 or more subplots, or independent, related stories; a novel may also have several themes
a work of fiction that is longer than a short story but shorter than a novel
short story
a brief work of fiction; like a novel, a short story presents a sequence of events, or plot; the plot usually deals with a central conflict faced by a main character, or protagonist; the events in a short story usually communicate a message about life or human nature; this message, or central idea, is a story's theme
prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events; short stories and novels are works of fiction; some writers base their fiction on actual events and people, adding invented characters, dialog, settings, and plot; other writers rely on imagination alone
prose writing that presents and explains ideas or that tells about real people, places, objects, or events; autobiographies, biographies, essays, reports, letters, memos, and newspaper articles are all types of nonfiction
a story to be performed by actors; although a drama is meant to be performed, one can also read the script, or written version, and imagine the action; the script of a drama is made up of dialog and stage directions; the dialog are the words spoken by the actors; the stage directions, usually printed in italics, tell how the actors should look, move and speak; they also describe the setting, sound effects and lighting; dramas are often divided into parts called acts; the acts are often divided into smaller parts called scenes
folk literature
(or folk tale)
a story composed orally and then passed from person to person by word of mouth; folk tales originated among people who could neither read nor write; these people entertained one another by telling stories aloud often dealing with heroes, adventure, magic, or romance; eventually modern scholars collected these stories and wrote them down; folk tales reflect the culture beliefs and environments from which they come
a division or type of literature; literature is commonly divided into 3 major genres: poetry, prose and drama; each major genre is, in turn, divided into lesser genres