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27 Cards in this Set

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At one time Lower and Upper LEgypt were ----- different kingdoms.
two
Who was Menus?
The king of Upper Egypt in 3100 b.c. Menes swept into Lower Egypt and united Upper and Lower Egypt.
Menes built the city of --- for his capital.
Memphis
Where did Menes build the capital city of Memphis?
Memphis was located where the "stalk" of Upper Egypt meets the "blossom" of Lower Egypt.
What is a "pharaoh"?
After Menes built the capital city of Memphis and his palaces, Egypt's supreme ruler was always called "pharaoh. Pharaoh means "great palace."
How did ancient people feel about their pharaohs?
To the people of ancient Egypt, a pharaoh was more than a king. Every pharaoh was also worshiped as a god. Therefore, the people believed that they owed loyalty to the pahraohs.
Ancient Egypt was one of the first societies to have an organized ---.
government
How did the pharaohs divide Egypt into regions?
The pharaohs divided Egypt into about 40 regions and named a governor to rule each one. Each governor was responsible to the pharaoh and had to obey the pharaoh's commands.
What kind of power did the pharaohs have over the people of ancient Egypt?
The pharaohs had total power over the lives of their people. They made the laws that the people had to follow.
What accomplishment of ancient Egypt do people still marvel at?
The huge pyramids that the ancient Egyptians built.
What were the pyramids?
The pyramids were used as tombs in which the pharaohs were buried.
What is the largest pyramid?
The largest pyramid is called the Great Pyramid and it was ordered built by Pharoah Khufu sometime around 2600 B.C.
What is near the Great Pyramid?
the Sphinx
Describe the Sphinx.
A statue which looks like a crouching lion with a human head. The Sphinx was the largest head of stone in the world until modern times, when Americans carved the faces of four presidents into MOunt Rushmore, in South Dakota.
During the period of about 1800 B.C. was a difficult period in Egyptian history. What was happening during this period?
A powerful group of nomads called the Hyksos had settled earlier near Egypt's borders. The Hyksos used weapons and technology unknown to the Egyptians - horse-dreawn chariots, swords, and metal armor. The Egyptians were not able to protect their borders against such weapons, and the powerful Hyksos gradually conquered, or took over, Egypt.
What happened in Egypt after the Hyksos were driven out?
The pharaohs used Egypt's new military strength to conquer other countries. They placed the lands they conquered under Egyptian rule and created an empire.
What is an empire?
An empire is a group of lands and people under one government.
Who was Hatshepsut?
The first woman ruler know to history. During her rule, Egypt traded with many faraway places. As a result, Hatshepsut greatly enriched Egypt's wealth. She was known to send peaceful trading expeditions to East Africa adn Asia.
What powerful rulers finally took over Egypt's southern lands?
Powerful rulers from Kush took over Egypt's southern lands. Egypt was forced to live under foreign rule.
How is it possible that so much is known today about the history of ancient Egypt?
The great pyramids have been opened within the last 200 years and the passages inside have been explored. Through these discoveries lmany questions have been answered about ancient Egypt.
Describe the "Valley of the Kings".
The valley recieved its name because many pharaohs and other rulers of the kingdom were buried there. The tombs are a maze of hallways and rooms cut into the cliffs. To protect the tombs, entrances were tightoly sealed or kept secret.
Describe the "Valley of the Kings".
The valley recieved its name because many pharaohs and other rulers of the kingdom were buried there. The tombs are a maze of hallways and rooms cut into the cliffs. To protect the tombs, entrances were tightoly sealed or kept secret.
Describe the "Valley of the Kings".
The valley recieved its name because many pharaohs and other rulers of the kingdom were buried there. The tombs are a maze of hallways and rooms cut into the cliffs. To protect the tombs, entrances were tightly sealed or kept secret.
Who was Howard Carter?
He was an archaeologist who made an impressive discovery. In 1922, CArter found the tomb of the pharaoh Tutankhamen. King Tut, as he is often called, was only nine years old when he began his rule. It lasted until his death, at 19, in 1352 B.C.
Who was Howard Carter?
He was an archaeologist who made an impressive discovery. In 1922, CArter found the tomb of the pharaoh Tutankhamen. King Tut, as he is often called, was only nine years old when he began his rule. It lasted until his death, at 19, in 1352 B.C.
Who was Howard Carter?
He was an archaeologist who made an impressive discovery. In 1922, CArter found the tomb of the pharaoh Tutankhamen. King Tut, as he is often called, was only nine years old when he began his rule. It lasted until his death, at 19, in 1352 B.C.
Describe the contents of King Tut's tomb.
The contents of King Tut's tomb were dazzling. There were four rooms filled with golden objects, fine vases, precious jewelry, dried flowers, and furniture. Tutankhamen was found in a separate room, lying in a gold coffin.