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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What two rivers surrounded the area called Mesopotamia?
Euphrates and Tigris rivers.
What is a delta?
It is land at the mouth of a river that is built from a continuous deposit of silt
Give two characteristics of a civilization. There are five.
Five characteristics of this are:
1. cities
2. specialized skills & occupation
3. organized governments & religion
4. trade
5. written records
What was a pyramid used for?
Burial tomb.
What was important about finding the Rosetta Stone?
It helped us learn more about the ancient Egyptian civilization.
What is the definition of pyramid?
Stone structure enclosing a burial room which contained a pharaoh's mummy.
What is the climate of Mesopotamia?
Long, hot summers and little rain.
What is Coptic?
An ancient Egyptian language that is now only used in the Egyptian Christian Church.
What is cuneiform?
This is a type of writing done on day, that is wedge-shaped.
What is papyrus?
A sheet of paperlike material used for writing on.
What was found in King Tut's tomb (besides the body)?
He found gold and precious stones, and items that the king could use in his next life, such as a throne and furniture.
What are hierogyphics?
One form of ancient Egyptian writing that was carved on many buildings.
A. What is the world's longest river?
B.In what direction (N or S) does it flow?
A. Nile River
B. North
What is another word for "pharaoh"?
What was the purpose of a ziggurat?
It was used for religious purposes.
What is silt?
Silt is fine particles of soil carried in water
What is a pictograph?
This is a picture sign that stands for a word.
What is the Rosetta Stone?
A piece of black stone with three types of ancient writing on it.
How did farmers of Egypt plant their crops?
They scattered on the damp land and drove herds of goats across the fields to push the seeds into the soil.
What is an oasis?
It is fertile land in a desert.
What is so unique about the government of the pharaohs?
It has lasted longer than any other government in history.
What is a "mummy"?
It was a body of a dead person treated for burial with preservatives and wrapped in airtight cloth bandages to keep it from decaying.
What is the definition of "irrigate"?
This word means "to bring water to".
In what year did David become King of Israel?
Around 1000 B.C.
How were the Sumerians able to grow in their dry climate?
They dug canals and ditches to catch rainwater, and they used this water to irrigate their crops.
In what year did Solomon become King of Israel?
Around 961 B.C.
Trading was a common way to exchange _____ and ______?
Goods and Services.
Why did Hammurabi have the laws posted in a public place?
So that everyone would know the laws of the city.
What is the definition of civilization?
This word means " a way of living".
What country is Mesopotamia today?
What was the largest structure built in a city?
A ziggurat.
What is the definition of "ziggurat"?
This is a large solid brick platform. Usually temples or statues are built on them.
City life began in an area where the Euphrates and Tigris rivers meet. What is this area of land called?
What is the name of the people who built the first city in Mesopotamia?
Why were walls built around cities?
To protect them from enemies.
What is the definition of archaeologist?
This person studies ancient times and people by finding the remains of cities, tombs, and buildings.
What is a dike?
This is a wall that is built to hold back floodwater.
What important discovery did Belzoni make?
He found the tomb of Seti I.
What were scribes?
They wrote letters and copied records for people, since everyone did not know to write.
What rivers run through the fertile crescent?
Euphrates and Tigris.
Why did the Egyptian people serve the pharaohs?
Because they thought of them as gods.