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22 Cards in this Set

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Dionysia
a religious and drama festival in Jan. and March in honor of god of drama Dionysus; started in Athens in the 6th century b.c.
Skene
building used as backdrop for action and as a dressing room
Orchestra
circular floor between the skene and the audience; is where the audience performs.
Chorus
made up of 15 men; commented on action, foreshadowed on events; gave background info., and praised the gods
Choragus
the leader of the chorus; participates in the dialogue in the play; introduces entrances
Satyr
comedies in competition
Tragedy
according to Aristotle-imitation of life; aim is to bring about a catharsis and to arouse a sense of pity and fear in the audience
Catharsis
a cleansing; purging urging of pity and fear
Peripeteia
reversal of action and growth of understanding or self knowledge; tragic hero humbled and enlightened
Anagnorisis
recognition of mistake; understands his/her place in the universe; acknowledges error leading to catastrophe (tragedy); shift from ignorance to awareness
Unities
#1 requirement for classical tragedy (Aristotle); 3 unities-Time; Place; Action (plot)
Dramatic Irony
action or info unknown to characters but known to audience. Remember: the audience knows the story
Protagonist
character which drives action forward; in conflict with antagonist
Antagonist
opposing character or force
Tragic hero
1) person of high social standing 2) who falls to his/her death or destruction 3) due to a flaw (hamartia); 4) recognizes error but it's too late to do anything about it.
Strophe
1st air of stanzas in choral ode-movement from left to right
Antistrophe
chorus turned back; movement from right to left
Prologue
introductory ode (song)
Parados
entering son and dance of the chorus
Stasimon
choral odes enchanted; marked episodia
Episodia
action between choral odes; plot (story episodes)-dialogue-scenes-acts
Exodos
final scene after last choral ode
None