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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Developed ethical system based on hierarchial ordering of human relationships and roles, emphasized order and stability through subordination

-humans need stable society where they accept their duty in life
Confucius
Social and educational iconoclast, tended toward philosophical idealism and political conservatism

-humans can define themselves by self-examination

-dialogue
Socrates
Philosophical idealist, sociopolitical conservative

-human beings can be classified on the basis of their intellectual capabilities

-schools should sort students by their intellectual capabilities
Plato
Philosophical realist, view of society, politics, and education based on classical realism

-rationality should guide conduct

-liberally well rounded, reason
Aristotle
Rhetorician, oratorical education in service of self and society

-speech can be used for political improvement
Isocrates
Christian theology and realist philosophy

-humans posses a soul and body

-teacher is a moral agent
Aquinas
Christian orientation, the educator as social and intellecutal critic

-humans capable of both acheivement and stupidity

-emphasized critical thinking
Erasmus
Protestant theological orientation, salvation by faith and individual conscience

-elem schools:read, write math
sec schools: latin, greek, religion, vocational
Luther
Rhetorician, oratory for personal gain and public service

-certain individuals can be leaders based on rhetorician

-individual differences
Quintilian