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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
reality is spiritual or mental and unchanging
Idealism
Relaity is objective and is composed of matter and form; it is fixed, based on natural law

Knowing consists of sensation and abstraction

Values are absolute and eternal, based on natural laws

A subject matter curriculum emphasizes humanistic and scientific disciplines
Realism
Reality is the interaction of an individual with environment or experience; it is always changing
Pragmatism
Reality is subjective, with existence preceding essence
Existentialism
Rejects metaphysics as historical constructions used for socio-economic domination
Postmodernism
reality is spiritual or mental and unchanging

Knowing is the rethinking of latent ideas

Values are absolute and eternal

A subject matter curriculum emphasizes the culture's great and enduring ideas
Idealism
Knowing consists of sensation and abstraction
Realism
Knowing results from experiencing use of scientific method
Pragmatism
Knowing is to make personal choices
Existentialism
Deconstructs texts to find their origin and use by dominant groups and classes
Postmodernism
Values are absolute and eternal
Idealism
Values are absolute and eternal, based on natural laws
Realism
Values are situational and relative
Pragmatism
Values should be freely chosen
Existentialism
Emphasizes the values of marginalized persons and groups
Postmodernism
A subject matter curriculum emphasizes the culture's great and enduring ideas
Idealism
A subject matter curriculum emphasizes humanistic and scientific disciplines
Realism
Instruction is organized around problem solving according to the scientific method
Pragmatism
Classroom dialogues stimulate awareness that each person creates a self-concept through significant choices
Existentialism
Schools are sites of democratic criticism and social change to empower dominated groups
Postmodernism
To educate the individual according to his or her interests and needs
Progressivism
To raise consciousness and about critical issues
Critical Theory
To educate the rational person
Perennialism
To educate the useful and competent person
Essentialism
Curriculum- activities and projects
Progressivism
Curriculum- autobiographies about oppressed people
Critical Theory
Curriculum- subject matter hierarchically arranged to cultivate the intellect
Perenialism
Curriculum- basic education: reading, writing arthmetic, history, English, science and foriegn language
Essentialism
focuses on social conflicts
Critical Theory
Focus on enduring human concerns as revealed in great works of the western cultural heritage
Perennialism