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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Babbling
baby participates through gestures, gurgling, smiling, cooing ( around 6 months of age)
Discourse functions
Refers to a more advanced communicative intentions during the paralinguistic stage (wh questions, mimic, or answer a question appropriately)
Emerging Language Stage
Brown’s stage 1
Inflection
the meaning of a word changes with the addition of a grammatical morpheme (i.e. cat to cat’s)
Interrogative
are made by babies using rising intonation, “Doggie?”
Indirect requests
during the developing language stage, using language to show understanding that words mean more than one thing
Joint Attention
way a parent encourages communication with a baby by looking at the baby’s eyes and face
Mean Length of Utterances
indicator of language development and language instruction
Motherese
a form of language that parents use in talking to infants
Paralinguistic Stage
usually covers the time between birth and the emergence of the first real words
Presupposition
The speaker assumes that the listener already knows (giving directions to someone who has lived in a town compared to a stranger)
Turn-taking
taking turns during a conversation and may resemble adult language, during the emerging language stage
Affricates
Combinations of plosives and fricatives
Developmental age
the typical chronological age of which a child can perform skill in a given area such as language.
Bound morphemes
grammatical tags or markers such as ed, ing, un that do not have meaning in isolation
Free morpheme
grammatical unit carrying meaning that can stand alone
Number of phonemes in the English Language
44,25 consonants and 19 vowels
Vowels
1 kind of phonemes and divided into six categories (high, middle, or low, back, front vowels, and mid vowels)
Vowels
1 kind of phonemes and divided into six categories (high, middle, or low, back, front vowels, and mid vowels)
Syntax
the study of the linguistic conventions for generating meaningful phrases and sentences, governing word order(how to ask questions, form negatives, direct others to do something)
Speech
Oral sounds of the language code
Semantics
Linguistic representation of ideas, feelings, events, relationships, processes, and things and how humans attribute meaning to their world
Phonology
the set of rules governing how sounds are used to make syllables and words
Phonemes
: pronounceable sounds, smallest linguistic units to carry meaning. There are 44 phonemes in the English language, 25 consonants and 19 vowels
Place of articulation
describes the part of the mouth where the contact or sound movement is made to produce consonants
Nasal Sounds
type of consonant sound production
Morpheme
Smallest grammatical units that carry meaning
Morphology
set of rules governing how phonemes are combined into syllables and words to convey meaning
Manner of Articulation
describes how consonants are produced, examples are: plosives (stops), fricatives (hissing), affricates (combinations of plosives and fricatives), nasals, laterals, glides
Literacy
an individual’s ability to read, write, and speak…and compute and solve problems at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the job and in society, to achieve one’s goals, and to develop one’s knowledge and potential or the set of competencies children develop with both oral and printed language, including listening, speaking, reading, and writing
Response to Intervention
A method of providing resources and intensive interventions to struggling learners
Language Use
social functions of language
Language content
the rules governing how meaning is derived from words and sentences
Language form
structures of language, the rules governing sounds, meanings, words, and sentences and incorporates 3 language systems-phonology, morphology, and syntax
Language
either oral or printed forms of communication
Fricatives
hissing consonant sounds
Affricates
Combinations of plosives and fricatives
Direct instruction
when instruction is explicitly taught in a systematic method