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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Constructive Reflection
The postive, "serious" thinking or rethinking about the educational process
human thought processes are largely metaphorical
Developmental Psychology
Study of human growth in physical, social and cognitive
Accomidation and Assimilation
Accomidation-Altering existing schemes or creating new ones in response to new information
Assimilation-fitting new information into exisiting schemes
concerete operational
formal operational
Sensiormotor-object permanance, mental representation
Pre-operational-ability to think in symbolic form
Authentic Learning Activity
tasks that have connections to real-life problems the studetns will face outside the classroom
In piaget's theory, the "out-of-balance" state that occurs when a person realizes that his or her current ways of thinking are not working to solve a problem or understand a situation
Vygotsky's Zone of proximinal development
the phase a person travels through from where they begin without help, to where they can master a task given appropriate help and support from a more capable person
logical/mathmatic knowledge
sensitivity to, and capacity to discern, logical or numerical patterns; ability to handle long chains or reasoning
support for learning and problem solving. the support could be clues, reminders, encouragement, breaking the problem down into steps, or anything else that allows the student sto grow in independence as a learner.
IQ changes Over time
rethinking an event over time
opinion of yourself (not reality)
actual reality picture of yourself
Erikson's theory of psychsocial development
developmental crises
because of life's circumstances comes to bat w/ 2 strikes
kolberg's stories
moral dilemmas (cancer wife)
Kolberg's 3 stages
1. pre-conventional
2. Conventional *****
3. Post conventional
1st stage, selfishness
moral realism
at risk
NO anyone can have a couple of bad days
Global Education
crops, flooding, russia
Defintion for culture
the knowledge, values, attitudes, and traditions that guide the behavior of a group of people and allow them to solve the problems of living in thier environment
factor socioeconomic status
relative standing in the society based on income, power, background and prestige
hidden curriculum
the "actual" way in which the classroom in run atmosphere of the school as opposed to the stated objective
capacity to learn
interpersonal intelligence
gifted kids
drop out
overly-used term
Learning Disability
in "regular" classroom all day, support comes to them
operate, classical conditioning
Operant-voluntary action
classical-has to do with reflex
Thorndike's law of Effect
a satisfying consequence for a response will increase the likelihood that the response will be repeated
the disappearance of a learned response
feedback to students and teacher
#1 goal
to help every students reach his/her potential
most important outcome of school
that students would learn how to learn
use of consequences to strengthen behavior
thinking about thinking
constructive reflection
the positive, "serious" thinking or rethinking about the educational process
3 advantages for kids to critical thinking
1. it causes one to think
2. it causes one to use more then one of the cognitive skills
3. it prepares one for life
Social Learning Theory
Theory that emphasizes learning through observation of others
Cognitive Apprenticeship
relationship in which a less experienced learner acquire knowledge and skills under the guidence of an expert
Critical Thinking
Evaluating conclusions by logically and systematically examining the problem, the evidence adn the solution
Process of activating and sustaining thoughts, behaviors and emotions in order to reach goals
view that emphasizes the active role of the learning in building understanding and making sense of information
social persuasion
a pep talk or specifig performance feedback, one source of self-efficacy
social negotiation
aspect of learning process that relies on collaboration w/ others and respect for different perspectives
changes in behavior, thinking, or emotions that happen through observing another person-a model
spiral curriculum
Bruner's design for teaching that introduces the fundamental structure of all subjects early in the school years, then revisits the subjects in more and more conplex forms over time
Inquiry Learning
approach in which the teacher presents a puzzling situation and students solve the problem by gathering data and testing their conclusions