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54 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Biological Theories
Gesell and Hall
Growth vs development
growth-incriment
development-change
Theories
Nature vs Nurture
Stability vs Plasticity
Passive vs Active
endpoint vs No endpoint
quote
sturmund drang
Arnold gesell
-went to uw
-most known for setting up standards childhood development
-biologically driven
stable
continuous
passive
endpoint
Hall
infant is in an animal stage (evolution)
Nature and stability but says discontinuous stages
passive
endpoint
PsychoDYNAMIC
Psycho(personality and social skills)
dynamic(nature)
Stable
predictable , set order
discontinuous
stage theories
passive
body dictates the stage
how environment reacts to them
endpoints
universal theory
difference between M and F
Trust vs Mistrust
birth-i year
primary care giver and infant
autonomy vs doubt+shame
1-3 years
parents and toddlers
initiative vs guilt
3-6 years
family and child
industry vs inferiority
6-11 years ( school age)
teacher, classmates, child
identity vs role confusion
adolesense
peers and adolescent
clothing, music, sports, teams
intimacy vs isolation
early adulthood
significant other and adults
generativity vs stagnation
middle adulthood
future generations and adult
integrity vs despair
late adulthood
spiritual being/universe
BEHAVIORAL THEORIES
(Parlov, Watson, Skinner)
Behavioral Theories cont..
Nurture
Plasticity
Continuous
Passive
No Endpoint
COGNITIVE THEORIES
Piaget, bandura, Info. Processing
Piaget
Nurture(some aspect of nature)
discontinuous
active
Bandura
nurture
plasticity
continuous
passive and active
no endpoint
info. processing
nurture and nature
plasticity-some stability
continuous
active
no endpoint
CONTEXTUAL THEORIES
Vygotsky and branfenbenner
Vygostsky
nurture (language)
plasticity
continuous
active
no endpoint
Macrosystem
cultural values, political philosophy
Mesosystem
family, peer group, classroom, church
Exosystem
community, employment, medical facilities
ADLER
5 Basic Assumption
1.
All behavior has social meaning
2.
All behavior is goal directed
3
each person is indivisible with a unique behavior pattern
4
we strive to overcome inferiority
5
behavior is a result of subjective perceptions
Adlers Concepts
overcoming inferiority
-compensation
-overcompensation
3 unavoidable problems
society, work, love
Cephalocaudal
head to foot
proximodistal
center to out
Infancy (birth-2 years)
reflexes to voluntary behavior
Early Childhood (2-6 years)
advancements in both gross and fine skills

2-3 door knobs
3 toilet skills
4-5 dress undress
4 adapt with a fork
5 use of knife with soft foods
6 shoe tying
Middle Childhood (6-10 years)
fluid and consisten performance
self conscousness
Early Adolescence (10-14 years)
pubertal changes
body-image
Late Adolscence (14-18 years)
attain sexual maturity
risky behaviors
school transition can affect what?
drop in self esteem and g.p.a
television caused...?
Autism
What affects physical growth?
heredity
nutrition
disease control
climate
improved balance
increased strength
greater agility
greater flexibility
Smell
sweet
breast milk over formula
Taste
Sweet
salty=4 months
Touch
temperature
pain
stimulates physical growth
moms know baby by touch
Hearing
phoneme > noise
adult>child
native language
direction of sound
Vision
Fonte Study (1958)
-pattern vs plain
-face
color vs shape
motion
Observation
naturalistic
structured