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28 Cards in this Set

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Ecology
Studies the relationship between living things and their environment.
Producer
Makes their own food
Food Chain
Shows the flow of energy in an ecosystem
Community
All the people or things in a town
Energy pyramid
Diagram that shows the amount of energy available at each food level.
Food Web
Is made up of many individual food chains.
Decomposer
Organisms that feed on dead organisms.
Abiotic factors
Nonliving parts of an ecosystem.
Predator
Animals that eat other animals.
Ecosystem
All living and nonliving parts of an environment.
Consumer
Gets energy by eating other organisms.
Ecological succession
Process by which populations in an ecosystem are gradually replaced by new populations.
Niche
Job or role in a community
Habitat
Place where an organism lives.
Climax community
Balanced community that is the end product of ecological succession.
Commensalism
One organism benefits from the relationship while the other is not affected.
Parasitism
Organism that lives on or in another living organism.
Mutualism
Both organisms benefit
Symbiotic relationship
Two different organisms and both benefit.
Water cycle
Water that falls to the land and some is used to make food for plants. The water is then passed to the animal and released into the air.
Host
Organism in which a parasite lives.
Biome
Large region of the earth that has characteristic kinds of organisms.
Population
All the organisms of the same species in an area
Carnivore
Eats other animals
Herbivore
Consumers that eat only producers.
Omnivore
Eat plants and animals
Photosynthesis
Process by which light energy is used to make food.
Carbon cycle
Kept in balance by the process of photosynthesis and respiration.