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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Played important role in Civil War and characteristics of regions.

It also laid out issues- abolitionism, women suffrage, temperance
Market Economy
Before, most people were subsistence farmers. Cash transaction was rare.

Now, they had cash. SPECIALIZATION occured. However, they were more dependent.
The Ups and downs of Market Economies
"boom and bust cycles" - market economies were definently more unreliable.
War of 1812 and its impact
forced US to be less dependent on imports - stronger economy
Eli Whitney
(1) cotton gin - cotton rose and so did slave
(2) interchangeable parts - not everything was custom
Machine-tool industry
specialized machines

assembly line production
textile industry benefited
power loom- 1813
people began buying instead of making cloth
Lowell system/ Waltham system
Textile became big and labor was needed.

Lowell system was a way of inducing workers.
They were offered housing, mill activities, wages.
Immigrants willing to work cheap, and labor unions formed.
Define: Clothing manufacturers, retailers, brokers
Clothing manufacturers: took textiles and made finished product.

Retailers: sold clothing.
Brokers were between manufacturers and retailers.

Basically, manufactuers make, brokers give them to retailers, who sell.
Commercial banks
lent money to everyone and transportation industry boomed
Transportational Developments
Include Canals, Railroads, Highways and Steamships
(1) National Road
Maryland to Ohio - east and west travel became easier
(2) Erie Canal
Funded by New York (states rights)
Linked Great Lakes to New York and European shipping routs

=> other biters made canals
=> canal era ended in 1850
(3) steamships
allowed for faster travelling
(4) railroads
the gauge (width) of the railroads was different so it grew slowly.

Government often paid even though railroads were privately owned.

South was not as developed (big for civil war)
long distance communication (morse code utilized)
Agriculture was still huge, even with the development of manufacturing

By 1860, most of food was on market
Northesast farming
continued, but the soil sucked from overfarming. They couldn't compare with south so they raised livestock and grew fruits and veggies.
banks sparng up to lend people money to buy machines
Cotton = deep south
rice = upper south
Looking Westward
"Manifest Destiny"
Americans thought God gave them right to Western territory
=> wanted to invade Canada and Mexico
The West
Mexico broke from Spain (1821)
(Texas, California, that area)

Liberal land policies that attracted americans. They violated law by not becoming citizens and bringing slaves. Texas (mostly settlers) seceded from Mexico
the battle of Alamo was fought (1836). This declared Texas independent of the Mexican republic. However, it wwas not admited into the union until 1845 because of slavery issue.
Oregon Territory
Oregon trail!
British were there. Eventually, a treaty was signed.
California gold rush! (1848)

People that did not strike it rich stayed and became famers.
Three sections: North, South, West
sectional strife
Industry, technology, slavery was illegal, few farms
Tobacco, cotton, looking west for land.

Looked to add slave states into the Union.
commercial farming, fur trapping, real estate
Western relations with the North
Did not like them. Thought banks could take their land.
Western relations with the South
Did not like hierarchical society.

West had a egalitarianism (equal) society.
They did not care about slavery.