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5 Cards in this Set

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Replicates
separate (independent) units of study that are treated identically by ecologists, in order to assess variability that arises from factors we didn’t manipulate
Controls
units that did not experience the focal manipulation. They provide a baseline for comparison, an understanding of how organisms or systems will change over time or space, independent of experimental treatments
How to deal with ecological complexity?
Seek simplicity, and mistrust it

Multiple working hypotheses:
-Attempt to falsify each
-Acknowledge that certain answers are never achieved

Attempts at prediction
Observations
–The only way truly new
information is acquired
–Good natural history
–Consistent long term monitoring
–Advanced mapping and sensing
technologies
Experiments
– Field or laboratory, replicated manipulated treatments with controls
– Whole ecosystem experiments