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26 Cards in this Set

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THREE OBJECTIVES OF FIRST AID
TO PREVENT:
FURTHER INJURY
INFECTION
AND THE LOSS OF LIFE
EIGHT MAIN FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF FIRST AID
BLEEDING
BURNS
FRACTURES
ELECTRIC SHOCK
OBSTRUCTED AIRWAYS
HEAT RELATED INJURIES
COLD WEATHER INJURIES
SHOCK
FOUR METHODS OF CONTROLLING BLEEDING
DIRECT PRESSURE
ELEVATION
PRESSURE POINTS
TOURNIQUET (LAST RESORT)
DEFINE PRESSURE POINT
POINT ON THE BODY WHERE A MAIN ARTERY LIES NEAR THE SKIN SURFACE AND OVER A BONE
LIST PRESSURE POINTS
SUPERFICIAL TEMPORAL ARTERY (TEMPLE)
FACIAL ARTERY (JAW)
COMMON CAROTID ARTERY (NECK)
SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY ( COLLAR BONE)
BRACHIAL ARTERY (INNER UPPER ARM ELBOW)
RADIAL/ULNAR ARTERY (WRIST)
FEMORAL ARTERY (UPPER THIGH)
ILIAC ARTERY (GROIN)
POPLITEAL ARTERY (KNEE)
ANTERIOR/POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY (ANKLE)
THREE CLASSIFICATIONS OF BURNS
FIRST
SECOND
THIRD
FIRST DIGREE BURN
PRODUCES REDNESS, WARMTH AND MILD PAIN
SECOND DEGREE BURN
CAUSES RED, BLISTERED SKIN AND SEVERE PAIN
THIRD DEGREE BURN
DESTROYS TISSUE, SKIN AND BONE IN SEVERE CASES. SEVERE PAIN MAY BE ABSENT DUE TO NERVE ENDINGS BEING DESTROYED.
TWO TYPES OF FRACTURES
CLOSED / SIMPLE - BONE IS BROKEN WITHOUT A BREAK IN THE SKIN

COMPOUND / OPEN - BREAK IN THE SKIN WITH POSSIBLE BONE PROTRUSION
ELECTRIC SHOCK
WHEN A PERSON COMES INTO CONTACT WITH AND ELECTRIC ENERGY SOURCE SHOCK OCCURES. INJURIES RANGE FROM LITTLE OR NO EVIDENCE OF INJURY TO CARDIAC ARREST.
OBSTRUCTED AIRWAYS
OBSTRUCTION OF UPPER AIRWAY CAN BE CAUSE BY MANY THINGS DEPENDING ON AGE AND SITUATION. INDICATIONS ARE INABILITY TO TALK, GRASPING AND POINTIONG TO THE THROAT, EXAGGERATED BREATHING EFFORTS, AND THE SKIN TURNING A BLUISH COLOR.
TWO TYPES OF HEAT RELATED INJURIES
HEAT EXHAUSTION
HEAT STROKE
HEAT EXAUSTION
SERIOUS DISTURBANCE OF BLOOD FLOW TO THE BRAIN, HEART AND LUNGS.

SKIN - COOL, MOIST, AND CLAMMY
PUPILS - DILATED
BODY TEMPERATURE- NORMAL TO HIGH
SWEATING PROFUSELY
HEAT STROKE
VERY SERIOUS CONDITION CAUSED BY BREAKDOWN OF THE BODY'S SWEATING MECHANISM. VICTIM CAN'T ELIMINATE EXCESSIVE BODY HEAT BUILDUP.

SKIN - HOT AND/OR DRY
PUPILS- UNEVEN DIALATION
PULSE - WEAK AND RIPID.
THREE TYPES OF COLD WEATHER RELATED INJURIES
HYPOTHERMIA
SUPERFICIAL FROSTBITE
DEEP FROSTBITE
HYPOTHERMIA
GENERAL COOLING OF THE WHOLE BODY CAUSED BY EXPOSURE TO LOW OR RAPIDLY FALLING TEMPERATURE, COLD MOISTURE, SNOW OR ICE.

VICTIM MAY APPEAR PALE AND UNCONSCIOUS OR EVEN DEAD.

BREATHING - SLOW AND SHALLOW
PULSE - FAINT OR UNDETECTABLE
BODY TISSUE - SEMI-RIGID
ARMS AND LEGS- STIFF
SUPERFICIAL FROSTBITE
ICE CRYSTALS ARE FORMING IN THE UPPER SKIN LAYERS AFTER EXPOSURE TO TEMPERATURE >32 DEGREES
DEEP FROSTBITE
ICE CRYSTALS ARE FORMING IN THE DEEPER TISSUES AFTER EXPOSURE TO TEMPERATURE >32 DEGREES
SHOCK
LIFE THREATENING MEDICAL CONDITION WHEREBY THE BODY SUFFERS FROM INSUFFICIENT BLOOD FLOW THROUGHOUT THE BODY AS A RESULT OF SEVERE INJURY OR ILLNESS.
TYPES OF SHOCK
SEPTIC SHOCK
ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK
CARDIOGENIC SHOCK
HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK
NEUROGENIC SHOCK
SEPTIC SHOCK
RESULTS FROM BACTERIA MULTIPLYING IN THE BLOOD AND RELEASING TOXINS. COMMON CAUSES ARE PNEUMONIA, INTRA-ABDOMINAL INFECTIONS (RUPTURED APPENDIX) AND MENINGITIS
ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK
TYPE OF SEVERE HYPERSENSITIVITY OR ALLERGIC REATION. CAUSES INCLUDE ALLERY TO INSECT STINGS, MEDICINES OR FOODS. (NUTS, BERRIES, SEAFOOD, ECT)
CARDIOGENIC SHOCK
OCCURES WHEN THE HEART IS DAMAGED AND UNABLE TO SUPPLY SUFFICIENT BLOOD TO THE BODY. CAN BE CAUSED BY HEART ATTACT OR CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE.
HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK
CAUSED BY SEVERE BLOOD AND FLUID LOSS, SUCH AS FROM TRAUATIC BODILY INJURY, WHICH MAKES THE HEART UNABLE TO PUMP ENOUGH BLOOD TO THE BODY
NEUROGENIC SHOCK
CAUSED BY SPINAL CORD INJURY, USUALLY AS A RESULT OF A TRAUMATIC ACCIDENT OR INJURY.