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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
102.1: State the three objectives of first aid.
Save life, prevent further injury, and prevent infection.
102.3: Identify an example of a pressure point.
1. Superficial temporal artery (temple)
102.4: Describe the symptoms of shock.
Symptoms include vacant or lackluster eyes, shallow or irregular breathing, cold, pale skin, nausea, and weak or absent pulse. Individuals usually faint do to the poor supply of oxygen to the brain.
102.4: Describe the treatment for shock.
Treatment: Lay the victim down with the feet elevated 6-12 inches. Cover them to maintain body heat. Reassure and calm the victim, if conscious.
102.5: Describe first degree burns.
- mildest burn, producing redness, increased warmth, tenderness and mild pain.
102.5: Describe second degree burns.
red and blistered skin; severe pain.
102.5: Describe third degree burns.
destroyed tissue, skin and bone in severe cases. Severe pain may be absent due to nerve endings being destroyed.
102.6: State the symptoms of heat exhaustion
The skin is cool, moist, and clammy ad the pupils dilated and normal or subnormal body temperature. Usually the victim is sweating profusely.
102.6: State the treatment for heat exhaustion.
Move the victim to a cool or air-conditioned area. Loosen clothing; apply cool wet cloths to the head, groin, and ankles; fan the victim; do not allow the victim to become chilled; if the victim is conscious, give a solution of one teaspoon salt dissolved in a liter of cool water and transport to a medical facility.
102.6: State the symptoms of heat stroke.
The victim is unable to eliminate excessive body heat build up. No sweating
102.6: State the treatment for heat stroke.
Reduce the heat immediately by dousing the body with cold water. Apply wet, cold towels to the body and move the victim to the coolest possible place. Maintain an open airway. Place the victim on his/her back with shoulders raised slightly. Place cold packs or towels around the victim's shoulders and neck. Place additional cold packs on the ankles and groin area. Use a fan if available. A cold water bath is helpful.
102.7: describe a closed, or simple fracture.
A "closed" or "simple" fracture is one, which is entirely internal, that is, the bone is broken, but there is no break in the skin.
102.7: describe an open, or compound fracture.
. An "open" or "compound" fracture is one in which there is an open wound in the tissue or skin. The bone may be protruding through the skin.
102.8: State the rescue methods for an electric shock victim.
YOU MUST NOT TOUCH THE VICTIM'S BODY, WIRE, OR ANY OTHER OBJECT THAT MAY BE CONDUCTING ELECTRICITY. Look for the switch, first, and turn off the current immediately. If you cannot find the switch, try to remove the wire from the victim with a dry broom, handle, branch, pole, oar, board or other non-conducting object
102.8: State the treatment method for an electric shock victim.
check breathing and pulse, give rescue breaths and cpr as needed, send for EMT immediately.
102.10: Describe the effects of hypothermia.
The victim may appear pale and unconscious, and may even be taken for dead. Breathing is slow and shallow, pulse faint or even undetectable. The body tissues feel semi-rigid, and the arms and legs may feel stiff.
102.10: Describe the effects of superficial frostbite
Ice crystals forming in the upper skin layers after exposure to a temperature of 32 degrees or lower.
102.10: Describe the effects of deep frostbite
Ice crystals forming in the deeper tissues after exposure to a temperature of 32 degrees or lower.