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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
State the three objectives of first aid.
Save life
Prevent further injury
Prevent infection
State the three methods of controlling bleeding.
Direct pressure
Pressure point
Identify and example of a pressure point.
Temple; Jaw; Neck; Collar bone; Inner uppper arm; Inner elbow; Wrist; Upper thigh; Groin; Knee; Ankle
Describe the symptoms and treatment for shock.
Symptoms-Shallow breathing, cold pale skin, nausea, weak pulse.
Treatment-Lay down feet elevated, cover them, reassure and calm victim.
Describe the three classifications of burns.
First-mild redness, warm, tender.
Second-red and blistered, severe pain.
Third-Destroyed tissue skin and bone, pain may be absent due to severed nerves.
State the symptoms and treatment for heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
Exhaustion-cool moist skin, dialated pupils-move to cool area
Stroke-hot or dry skin, uneven pupil dialation-apply wet cold towels and move to cool place.
State the difference between and 'open' and 'closed' fracture.
Open-an open wound in the tissue or skin. Bone may protrude.
Closed-internal break.
State the following as applied to electrical shock. Personal rescue.
Personal rescue-do not touch victim, wire or any other object that me be conducting electricity.
Treatment-artificial ventilation. if no pulse start CPR immediately.
Describe the methods for clearing and obstructed airway.
Clear the mouth of any obstruction, administer 4 quick abdominal thrusts.
Describe the effects of hypothermia; superficial frostbite; deep frostbite.
Hypothermia-general cooling of the body caused by exposure to low or rapidly falling temperatures.
Superficial-ice crystals formed on the upper skin layers.
Deep-crystal formed in the deeper tissues after exposure.