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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
State the three objectives of first aid.
Save life
Prevent further injury
Prevent infection
State the three methods of controlling bleeding.
Direct pressure
Elevation
Pressure point
Identify and example of a pressure point.
Temple; Jaw; Neck; Collar bone; Inner uppper arm; Inner elbow; Wrist; Upper thigh; Groin; Knee; Ankle
Describe the symptoms and treatment for shock.
Symptoms-Shallow breathing, cold pale skin, nausea, weak pulse.
Treatment-Lay down feet elevated, cover them, reassure and calm victim.
Describe the three classifications of burns.
First-mild redness, warm, tender.
Second-red and blistered, severe pain.
Third-Destroyed tissue skin and bone, pain may be absent due to severed nerves.
State the symptoms and treatment for heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
Exhaustion-cool moist skin, dialated pupils-move to cool area
Stroke-hot or dry skin, uneven pupil dialation-apply wet cold towels and move to cool place.
State the difference between and 'open' and 'closed' fracture.
Open-an open wound in the tissue or skin. Bone may protrude.
Closed-internal break.
State the following as applied to electrical shock. Personal rescue.
Treatment.
Personal rescue-do not touch victim, wire or any other object that me be conducting electricity.
Treatment-artificial ventilation. if no pulse start CPR immediately.
Describe the methods for clearing and obstructed airway.
Clear the mouth of any obstruction, administer 4 quick abdominal thrusts.
Describe the effects of hypothermia; superficial frostbite; deep frostbite.
Hypothermia-general cooling of the body caused by exposure to low or rapidly falling temperatures.
Superficial-ice crystals formed on the upper skin layers.
Deep-crystal formed in the deeper tissues after exposure.