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40 Cards in this Set

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What are the three objectives of first aid?
prevent further injury, infection, and loss of life.
four methods of controlling bleeding.
direct pressure, elevation, pressure points, tourniquet as a last resort.
list three pressure points
temple, jaw, neck, collar bone, inner arm pit, inner elbow, wrist, upper thigh, groin, knee, ankle.
symptoms of first degree burns
produces redness, warmth, and mild pain.
symptoms of second degree burns
causes red, blistered skin and severe pain.
symptoms of third degree burns.
destroys tissue, skin and bone in severe cases, however severe pain may be absent due to nerve endings being destroyed
symptoms of heat exhaustion
the skin is cool, moist, and clammy. pupils are dilated, and the victim is sweating profusely
symptoms of heat stroke.
hot and/or dry skin, uneven pupil dilation, weak, rapid pulse.
what is hypothermia?
a general cooling of the whole body caused by exposure to low or rapidly falling temperature, cold moisture, snow or ice.
symptoms of hypothermia
the victim may appear pale unconscious, and may even appear dead. breathing is slow and shallow , pulse faint or even undetectable. arms and legs may feel stiff.
what is superficial frostbite?
when ice crystals are forming in the upper skin layers after exposure to temperatures 32 degrees or lower
what is deep frostbite?
develops when ice crystals are forming in the deeper tissues after exposure to a temperature of 32 degrees or lower.
septic shock
bacteria multiplying in the blood and releasing toxins
anaphylactic shock
allergic reaction
cardiogenic shock
occurs when the heart is damaged and unable to supply sufficient blood to the body. this can be the end result of a heart attack or congestive heart failure.
hypovolemic shock
caused by severe blood or fluid loss, such as from a traumatic bodily injury
neurogenic shock
caused by a spinal cord injury.
what does CPR stand for
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
C/A/B
circulation/airway/ breathing
what are the steps to the survival chain
recognition /activation of CPR, chest compression, AED/ defibrillator, rapid defibrillation, ambulance, integrated post cardiac arrest care.
what is ORM?
ORM is a systematic, decision making process used to identify and manage hazards that endanger naval resources.
what is the ORM process?
identify hazards, assess hazards, make risk decisions, implement controls, supervise.
define a class A mishap
the resolting total cost of reportable material property damage is 2,000,000 or more; or an injury or occupational illness results in a fatality or permanent total disability.
define a class B mishap
the resulting total cost of reportable material or property damage is 500,000 or more but less than 2,000,000; or an injury or occupational illness results in permanent partial disability; or three or more personnel are inpatient hospitalized
define class C mishap
the resulting total cost or reportable material or property damage is 50,000 or more but less than 500,000 a non- fatal injury that causes any loss of time beyond the day or shift on which it occurred
define chemical warfare
employment of chemical agents that are intended for use in military operations to kill, seriously injure, or incapacitate personnel due to their physiological effect
types of chemical agents are:
nerve agents(liquids), blister agents(liquid or solid) blood agents (gaseous) choking agents (gaseous or liquid)
what is the M9 chemical agent detector paper?
it detects the presence or liquid agents by turning a red or reddish color, it does not detect chemical agent vapors.
define biological warfare
the use of agents to cause disease, sickness, or death to reduce the effectiveness of opposing combatant forces
what pathogens could be used as biological agents
the pathogens that could be used as biological agents include: bacteria, rickettsia, viruses fungi, protozoa and prions
what is the ipe for chemical/biological agents
protective mask mcu-2p with components, advanced chemical protective garment, chemical protective gloves and liners, chemical protective overboots and laces, skin decontamination kit.
define radiological warfare
radiological warfare is the deliberate use of radiological weapons to produce widespread injury or death or all life
what is a high altitude air burst?
occurs at altitude in excess of 100,000 feet, with ionosphere disruption and EMP
what is a surface burst?
has the worst fall out due to the fireball touching the surface which results in massive radiological fallout
what is a shallow underwater burst?
it has a small fireball and blast wave however, it causes large waves and water contamination.
what is a deep water burst?
similar to the shallow underwater burst but with less visual effect and yields greater contaminated water
two types of shipboard shielding stations
ready-shelter and deep-shelter
mopp level 0
issue ipe, accessible within five minutes
mopp level 1
afloat: jslist, mask, gloves readily accessible
ashore:don protective equipment, m9 tape
mopp level 2
afloat: mask carried, decon supplies stage
ashore: additional to level 1 is don protective over boots