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13 Cards in this Set

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A _____ is a place on Earth's surface where molten rock and gases erupt through the Earth's crust.
volcano
melted rock below Earth's surface
magma
melted rock that flows out of the ground onto Earth's surface
lava
Volcanoes can erupt _____ and _____.
slowly and quickly
3 types of volcanoes
1. cinder cone
2. composite
3. shield
cinder cone
low and flat with small eruptions
composite
mixture of cinder cone and shield
shield
tallest and largest volcanoes with explosive eruptions
This is a volcano that has lava and ash flowing down its side; it is erupting
Active volcano
This is a volcano that does not have magma flowing out; it is not erupting but is said to be sleeping.
Dormant volcano
a giant ocean wave caused by an undersea earthquake
tsunami
remains or traces of organisms that lived long ago
fossils
Most fossils are found in _____ rock.
sedimentary