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17 Cards in this Set

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Absorption
The process by which plants take up water from the ground.
Condensation
The process by which a gas, such as water vapor, changes to a liquid, such as water.
Dew Point
the temperature at which condensation begins
Evaporation
The process by which the molecules at the surface of a liquid, such as water, absorb enough energy to change to a gaseous state, such as water vapor.
Freezing
Change of a liquid to a solid
Groundwater
Water that fills the cracks and pores in underground soil and rock layers.
Hydrosphere
Earth's water and ice. One of the four spheres into which scientists divide the Earth.
Infiltration
The process by which water passes into the ground.
Melting
Change of a solid to a liquid
Phase
State in which matter can exist; solid, liquid, gas or plasma.
Phase change
A physical change of matter from one phase to another.
Precipitation
Forms of water such as rain, snow, sleet, or hail that fall from clouds and reach Earth's surface.
Runoff
Water that flows over the gound surface rahter than soaking into the ground.
Sublimation
Change from the solid phase of matter directly into the gas phase.
Transpiration
The process by which plants release water vapor through their leaves.
Vaporization
Change of a liquid to a gas
Water cycle
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back, passing through the living and nonliving parts of the environment.