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48 Cards in this Set

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Standard sea level pressure in millibars is___________.
a) 750.1
b) 980.5
c) 1000
d) 1013.2
d) 1013.2
Standard seal level pressure in millibars is 1013.2.
What is the ultimate energy source for most wind?
a) Earth's rotation
b) Earth's revolution
c) solar radiation
d) tides
c) solar radiation
Solar radiation is the ultimate energy source for most wind.
Which of the following is not a force that influences wind?
a) Coriolis effect
b) magnetic field
c) pressure gradient
d) friction
b) magnetic field
Magnetic field is not a force that influences wind.
Fast-moving currents of air that occur above the friction layer are called ______.
a) wind trains
b) mesocyclones
c) chinooks
d) jet streams
d) jet streams
Fast-moving currents of air that occur above the friction layer are called jet streams.
the deflection of wind dur to the Coriolis effect is strongest at ___________.
a) the equator
b) the midlatitudes
c)midnight
d) the poles
d) the poles
The defection of wind due to the Coriolis effect is strongest at the poles.
in the Northern Hemisphere, winds associated with a low-pressure system blow __________.
a) counterclockwise toward the center
b) clockwise toward the center
c) clockwise outward from the center
d) counterclockwise outward from the center
a) counterclockwise toward the center
In the Northern Hemisphere, winds associated with a low-pressure system blow counterclockwise toward the center.
Centers of low pressure are called _________.
a) anticyclones
b) air masses
c) jet streams
d) cyclones
d) cyclones
Centers of low pressure are called cyclones.
High-pressure systems are usually associated with which of the following?
a) descending air
b) clear weather
c) relatively dry conditions
d) all of the above
d) all of the above
High-pressure systems are usually associated with descending air, clear weather, and relatively dry conditions.
Seasonal changes in wind direction associated with large landmasses and adjacent water bodies are called ____________.
a) polar fronts
b) jet streams
c) monsoons
d) trade winds
c) monsoons
Seasonal changes in wind direction associated with large landmasses and adjacent water bodies are called monsoons.
If Earth did not rotate how would air at the equator move?
a) air would sink and move toward the poles
b) air would rise and move toward the poles
c) there would be no air movement
d) none of the above
b) air would rise and move toward the poles
If the Earth did not rotate, air at the equator would rise and move toward the poles.
A seabreeze usually originates during the ___________.
a) evening and flows toward the land
b) day and flows toward the land
c) evening and flows toward the water
d) day and flows toward the water
b) day and flows toward the land
A sea breeze usually originates during the day and flows toward the land. **Winds are named by where they come from**
A wind that consistently blows more often from one direction than from any other is called a ___________.
a) local wind
b) prevailing wind
c) trade wind
d) jet stream
b) prevailing wind
A wind that consistently blows more often from one direction than from any other is called a prevailing wind.
Which instrument is used to measure wind speed?
a) anemometer
b) barometer
c) thermometer
d) all of the above
a) anemometer
An anemometer is used to measure wind speed.
Winds are labeled according to which of the following?
a) wheter they originate on land or water
b) the direction from which they blow
c) the region in which they can be found
d) none of the above
b) the direction from which they blow
Winds are labeled according to the direction from which they blow
Which of the following can be impacted by El Nino?
a) the fish industry
b) climate
c) the arming industry
d) all of the above
d) all of the above
The fishing industry, climate, and the farming industry can all be impacted by El Nino.
An immense body of air characterized by similar properties at any given altitude is known as a(n) ________.
a) cyclone
b) air mass
c) anticyclone
d) front
b) air mass
An immense body of air characterized by similar properties at any given altitude is known as an air mass.
Which two properties characterize an air mass?
a) temperature and location
b) temperature and pressure
c) temperature and moisture
d) moisture and pressure
c) temperature and moisture
Temperature and moisture are two properties that characterize an air mass.
Which type of air mass originates in northern Canada?
a) mT
b) cP
c) mP
d) cT
b) cP
A cP air mass originates in northern Canada.
An mT air mass is best described as _______.
a) cold and dry
b)warm and dry
c) cold and wet
d) warm and wet
d) warm and wet
An mT air mass is best described as warm and wet.
which air masses have the greates effect on weather conditions in much of the United States?
a) cP and mT
b) mP and cP
c) mP and cT
d) mT and cT
a) cP and mT
The cP and mT type air masses have the greatest effect onweather condition in much of the United States.
On a weather map, which type of front is shown by a line with triangular points on one side?
a) warm
b) cold
c) stationary
d) occluded
b) cold
On a weather map, Cold fronts are shown by a line with triangular points on one side.
In which type of front is the flow of air on both sides of the front almost parallel to the line of the front?
a) warm
b) stationary
c) cold
d) occluded
b) stationary
In a stationary front the flow of air on both sides of the front are almost parallel to the line of the front.
Which of the following is considered to be a boundary between two different air masses?
a) warm front
b) cold front
c) both warm and cold fronts
d) neither warm or cold fronts
c) both warm and cold fronts
Both warm and cold fronts are considered to be a boundary between two different air masses.
When an active cold front overtakes a warm front, ________.
a) the fronts cancel each other out
b) cloud formation ceases
c) an occluded front forms
d) a stationary front forms
c) an occluded front forms
When an active cold front overtakes a warm front an occluded front forms.
Along which type of front is the intensity of precipitation generally heavy, but short-lived?
a) warm front
b) cold front
c) stationary front
d) occluded front
b) cold front
Along a cold front the intensity of precipitation is generally heavy, but short-lived.
What is the first sign of an approaching warm front?
a) stratus clouds
b) cirrus clouds
c) nimbostratus clouds
d) cumulus clouds
b) cirrus clouds
Cirrus clouds are the first sign of an approaching warm front.
How does surface air flow in a middle-latitude cyclone in the Northern Hemisphere
a) divergent and clockwise
b) divergent and counterclockwise
c) convergent and clockwise
d) convergent and counterclockwise
d) convergent and counterclockwise
Surface air flows convergent and counterclockwise in middle-latitude cyclones in the Northern Hemisphere.
Which of the following best descives the pressure in a middle-latitude cyclone?
a) pressure decreases toward the center
b) pressure remains the same everywhere
c) pressure increases toward the center
d) the pressure is not predictable
a) pressure decreases toward the center
In a middle-latitude cyclone pressure decreases toward the center.
What type of front usually produces several hours of light-to-moderate precipitation over a large region?
a) warm front
b) cold front
c) both warm and cold fronts
d) neither warm or cold fronts
a) warm front
Warm fronts usually produce several hours of light-to-moderate precipitation over a large region
The greatest number of thunderstorms occur in the _____.
a) middle latitudes
b) tropics
c) mountains
d) high latitudes
b) tropics
The greatest number of thunderstorms occur in the tropics.
Tornadoes are most frequent from _______.
a) January to March
b) April to June
c) October to December
d) July to August
b) April to June
Tornadoes are most frequent from April to June.
Hurricanes are classified according to intensity using the ____________.
a) Richter scale
b) Doppler scale
c) Saffir-Simpson scale
d) Fujita scale
c) Saffir-Simpson Scale
Hurricanes are classified according to intensity using the Saffir-Simpson scale.
typhoon is another name for _______.
a) wave cyclone
b) hurricane
c) tornado
d) thunderstorm
b) hurricane
Typhoon is another name for hurricane.
Hurricanes from in tropical waters between the latitudes of :
a) 0 and 5 degrees
b) 5 and 20 degrees
c) 20 and 30 degrees
d) 30 and 40 degrees
b) 5 and 20 degrees
Hurricanes form in tropical waters between the latitudes of 5 and 20 degrees.
The eye of a hurricane has the _______.
a) highest wind speeds
b) warmest temperatures
c) most intense rainfall
d) highest air pressure
b) warmest temperatures
The eye of a hurricane has the warmest temperatures.
What happens to the intensity of solar energy as latitude increases?
a) it stays the same
b) it increases
c) it decreases
d) it doubles
c) it decreases
The intensity of solar energy decreases as latitude increases.
The rain shadow effect is associated with ______.
a) oceans
b) rivers
c) latitude
d) mountains
d) mountains
The rain shadow effect is associated with mountains.
What is the relationship between elevation and climate?
a) higher elevations have colder temperatures
b) lower elevations have colder temperatures
c) higher elevations have warmer temperatures
d) there is no relationship between elevation and climate
a) higher elevations have colder climates
A relationship between elevation an climate is the colder temperatures experienced at higher elevations.
How would the climate of a coastal city differ from that of a city at the same latitude located farther inland?
a) the coastal city would have cooler summers
b) the coastal city would have colder winters
c) the coastal city would have hotter summers
d) they are at the same latitude so their climates would not differ
a) the coastal city would have cooler summers
Even though two cities are located at the same latitude, if one city is near a coastline it will have cooler temperatures in the summer than a city further inland.
Global winds move warm air toward the _____.
a) equator
b) oceans
c) atmosphere
d) poles
d) poles
Global winds move warm air toward the poles
What two factors are used to classify climate in the Koppen climate classification system?
a) temperature and air pressure
b) elevation and latitude
c) temperature and precipitation
d) precipitation and location
c) temperature and precipitation
Temperature and precipitation are two factors used to classify climate in the Koppen climate classification system.
Which of the following is NOT a principal group in the Koppen system?
a) polar climate
b) dry climate
c) west coast climate
d) humid tropical climate
c) west coast climate
Polar climate, dry climate, and humid tropical climate are all principal groups int eh Koppen system.
Which type of climate has not winters?
a) humid tropical
b) dry
c) polar
d) highland
a) humid tropical
Humid tropical climates has no winters.
Which climate type is associated with savannas?
a) wet tropical
b) tropical wet and dry
c) humid subtropical
d) subartic
b) tropical wet and dry
Tropical wet and dry climate is associated with savannas.
In dry climates, rates of evaporation exceed ________.
a) rates of condensation
b) rates of precipitation
c) number of sunny days
d) average temperatures
b) rates of precipitation
In dry climates, rates of evaporation exceed the rates of precipitation.
What happens to air when it sinks?
a) it expands and cools
b) it becomes wetter
c) it compresses and warms
d) its pressure decreases
c) it compresses and warms
When air sinks it compresses and cools.
Which climate experiences seasonal periods of perpetual night?
a) humid tropical
b) humid mid-latitude
c) highland
d) polar
d) polar
Polar climates experience seasonal periods of perpetual night.
What is the relationship between fossil fuels and the greenhouse effect?
a) burning fossil fuels decreases incoming solar radiation
b) burning fossil fuels decreases the absorption capacity of greenhouse gases
c) burning fossil fuels lowers the greenhouse effect
d) burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere
d) burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere
One example of the relationship between fossil fuels and the greenhouse gases is the burning of fossil fuels which releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.