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32 Cards in this Set

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TRUE or FALSE
Black reflects/ White absorbs
FALSE
Black absorbs/White reflects
To transfer energy using convection it must travel thru_________.
a. liguids/gases
b.solid
c. no medium
a. liquids/gasses
TRUE OR FALSE
Planets APPEAR to go backwards (retrograde) as the earth passes them in space.
TRUE
Define the Heliocentric Model of earth motions.
It has a rotating sun at the center, with celestial objects(like earth) revolving around it.
Define Geocentric model of the earth's motions.
It has a non-moving EARTH as the center of the universe
To transfer energy using conduction it must be transfered thru a_________.
a. liguid
b. solid
c. gas
d.no medium
B. solid
Define how energy can be transfered by conduction.
Energy can be transfered by conduction in solids by direct molecule contact.
Define how energy can be transfered by convection.
Energy can be transfered by convection in fluids suchas liguids and gasses because of DENSITY differences.
Why does the moon have phases?
Because of the angle at which we view its surface. (remember- half is always lit)
TRUE or FALSE
Energy moves from source to sink?
TRUE Energy moves from high to low
The closer isolines are the ___________ the slope or gradient.
a. steeper b. less
c. flatter d. more equal
a. steeper
TRUE or FALSE
Longitude lines go North to South?
TRUE
The closer a planet is to the sun, the _________ it orbits.
a. slower b.longer
c. faster
c. faster
TRUE or FALSE
If you were at the Equator you would always have 24 hours of daylight?
FALSE 12 hours
DEFINE
Kinetic Energy
Kinetic energy is energy of motion, it increases with velocity.
Define how energy can be transfered by radiation.
Energy can be transfered by radiation which can occur in a vacuum with no medium, like light.
When the earth rotate it goe from _____ to _______ and takes 24 hours.
a. north to south
b. east to west
c. west to east
d. south to north
C. west to east
The earth revolves __________ _________ and it takes 365 1/4 days.
a. clock wise
b. counter clockwise
a counter clockwise
TRUE OR FALSE
All celestial objects APPEAR to move to the west.
TRUE
Give me three examples of celestial objects.
1. stars
2. planets
3. moon
4. sun
When the sun rises north of east-vertical ray on 23 1/2 degrees North, Tropic of Cancer, and we have 16 hrs of daylight, on June 21 we call this what??
Summer Solstice
DEFINE
Potential Energy
Potential energy is stored energy or at rest, such as the height of an object. The potential energy increases with height.
The lower the altitude of the sun, the _____ shadow it casts.
a. shorter b. longer
c. wider d. thinner
b. longer
What explains the earth's rotation, the Heliocentic model, or the Geocentric model?
Heliocentic Model
What are two ways we can prove that the earth rotates?
1. Focault's Pendulun
2. Coriolis Effect
When the sun rises south of east-vertical ray on 23 1/2 degrees South, Tropic of Capricorn and we have 8 hrs. of daylight on December 21 we call this the what?
Winter Solstice
TRUE or FALSE
Using the Reference Tables will help you on the Regents exam?
TRUE
When using Focault's Pendulum to prove the earths rotation the pendulum appears to change its _____________ of swing
a. speed b. direction
c. focus
B. direction
TRUE or FALSE
When using radiation to transfer energy it can take place in a vacuum?
True you need no medium it can take place in a vacuum, an example would be light.
Summer solstice is on what day of the year and how many hrs. of daylight do we have?
June 21 and we have 16 hrs.
TRUE or FALSE
Earth is closer to the sun in the winter?
TRUE
Winter Solstice is on what day of the year and how many hrs. of daylight do we have?
December 21 and we have 8 hrs.