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31 Cards in this Set

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FIELD
ANY AREA THAT WE CAN MEASURE
SCALAR FIELD
ONLY HAS MAGNITUDE
VECTOR FIELD
MAGNITUDE AND DIRECTION
DISTILLATION
CAN SEPARATE DIFFERENT LIQUIDS BASED ON THEIR BOILING POINTS
3 LAYERS OF THE EARTH
ATMOSPHERE, LITHOSPHERE, HYDROSPHERE
ATMOSPHERE
DIFFERENT LAYERS OF AIR THAT SURROUND TH EARTH
AS WE INCREASE IN ALTITUDE ABOVE SEA LEVEL....(3 THINGS)
1. WATER VAPOR DECREASES
2. AIR PRESSURE DECREASES
3. TEMP DECREASES THEN INCREASES, THEN DECREASES, THEN INCREASES, ETC.
PAUSE
NOT A LAYER-AN INTERFACE
LITHOSPHERE
SOLID CRUST AND UPPER MANTLE
HYDROSPHERE
OCEANS AND WATERS THAT COVER THE EARTH
HOW MUCH OF THE EARTH DOES THE HYDROSPHERE COVER?
75%
LAYERS OF EARTH LEAST DENSE TO MOST DENSE
ATMOSPHERE--->HYDROSPHERE--->LITHOSPHERE
THINNEST TO THICKEST:
HYDROSPHERE-->LITHOSPHERE-->ATMOSPHERE
WHAT IS THE SHAPE OF THE EARTH?
VERY SLIGHTLY OBLATE SPHEROID
WHAT DOES THE EARTH LOOK LIKE DRAWN TO SCALE?
PERFECT CIRCLE
WHAT IS BIGGER, THE EARTH'S EQUITORIAL DIAMETER/CIRCUMFERENCE OR THE EARTH'S POLAR DIAMTER/CIRCUMFERENCE?
EQUITORIAL BY A LITTLE BIT
WHY?
BC THE POLES OF THE EARTH ARE SLIGHTLY PUSHED INWARD
WHAT IS EVIDENCE OF THE EARTH'S SHAPE?
1. PICTURES FROM SPACE
2. LUNAR ECLIPSE-EARTH'S SHADOW ON THE MOON
3. POLARIS AND LATITUDE
4. STRONGER GRAVITY AT THE POLES AS COMPARED TO THE EQUATOR
5. AS A BOAT SAILS AWAY, IT LOOKS LIKE ITS GETTING LOWER
TO FIND CIRCUMFERENCE IN THAT PICTURE THING
ANGLE LENGTH
OVER = OVER
360 CIRUMFERENCE
HOW MANY DEGREES DOES EARTH ROTATE IN AN HOUR?
15
WHERE IS THE INTERNATIONAL DATELINE
180 DEGREES LONGITUDE
RHYME TO REMEMBER HOW TIME INCREASES AND DECREASES GOING EAST AND WEST
AS YOU GO WEST, TIME WILL GET LESS, BUT AS YOU GO EAST, TIME WILL INCREASE
HOW MANY MERIDIANS ARE THERE
24
IN WHICH DIRECTIONS WILL YOU TRAVEL FOR POLARIS TO REMAIN IN THE SAME SPOT?
EAST AND WEST
12 NOON
APPROXIMATE NOON TIME
SOLAR NOON
ACTUAL NOON TIME
APPARENT SOLAR NOON
WHEN THE SUN IS AT ITS MAXIUM ALITUDE IN THE SKY FOR THAT DA
TO WHICH DIRECTION DOES THE DAY EARLIER AND DAY LAYER GO OF THE INTERNATIONAL DATE LINE?
WEST=DAY LAYER
EAST=DAY EARLIER
MERCATOR PROJECTION
SHOWS THE WHOLE WORLD, EXCEPT THE EXTREME POLAR REGIONS, AS ONE CONTINUOUS MAP
LAYERS OF THE LITHOSPHERE FROM OUTSIDE TO INSIDE
1. CRUST
2. MANTLE
3. OUTER CORE
4. INNER CORE
3 SOURCES OF EARTH'S INTERNAL HEAT
1. DECAY OF RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES
2. METEORITE IMPACTSS
1. WEIGHT OF OVERLYING MATERIALS CUASED BY COMPRESSION IN EARTH'S INTERIOR