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22 Cards in this Set

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define "history".
The written and recorded events of people.
Define "pre-history".
Before history - or
the time before writing was invented.
Define "Stone Age"
A period of time during which people made tools & weapons mainly from stone; the earliest known period of human culture.
Define "Old Stone Age"
The early part of the Stone Age during which people learned to hunt in groups, discovered how to use fire, and became nomads.
Define "New Stone Age"
The later part of the Stone Age during which people began to grow their own foods & lived in the same place year after year.
Define "nomad"
A person who has no single settled home.
Define "oral tradition"
Stories passed down through generations by word of mouth.
Define "archaeologist"
A scientist who examines bones, tools, structures, & other objects to learn about past peoples & cultures.
When did people discover fire?
The Old Stone Age
What did scientists learn from the iceman's copper axe?
Copper was created in 4000 BC so that meant that he lived after copper was created.
Where was writing invented?
Africa & Southwest Asia.
What can oral traditions tell us about the past even though they might contain stories that are not historically accurate?
They can tell us how a society lived and what the people considered important.
Why does the study of the geography of Egypt help us to better understand Egyptian civilization?
Without the Nile River & its regular flooding, Egyptian civilization would not have become so successful because the flooding created rich and fertile soil which in turn lead to a strong agriculture.
Why was growing crops one of the most important developments in the history of human civilization?
Because of farming, people were no longer nomads, following animals to hunt for food. Thus they could stay in one place and focus on other activities.
Define "fertile"
Land or soil that contains substances plants need in order to grow well.
Define "domesticate"
To tame animals and raise them to be used by humans.
Define "irrigation"
Supplying land with water through a network of canals.
When was the wheel and axle invented?
3500 BC
Define "social class"
A group or class that is made up of people with similar backgrounds, wealth and ways of living.
Give the dates when these cities were founded:
- Southwestern Asia
- Egypt
- Pakistan
- China
- Central America
Southwestern Asia - ~ 3500 BC
Egypt ~ 3100 BC
Pakistan ~ 2500 BC
China ~ 1900 BC
Central America ~ 200 BC
When did people create bronze?
3000 BC
Define civilization
a society with cities, a central government run by official leaders, and workers who specialize in certain jobs, leading to social classes. Writing, art, and architecture also characterize a civilization.