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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Car Safety
Restraints, Unattended child in parked car, Pedestrian traffic injuries, Physical barriers, Car trunk, Unlocked car, hyperthermia
Nonfatal Drowning
can cause brain damage
that may result in long-term disabilities including
memory problems, learning disabilities, and permanent loss of basic fxning
Drowning
• Safety measures
Empty all buckets, pails, and bathtub completely after each use, Keep young children out of the bathroom, Never leave a child alone in a bathtub or in the care of another child, Enclose and secure pools and pool ladders, CPR
Burns
Scalds, Burns, Flames, Electrical, Sun
hot water heater
set no hotter than 120 degrees
Falls
Playground, Stairs, Cribs, High chair, infant seat, grocery cart
ASPIRATION AND SUFFOCATION
Toys, Clothes, Bedding, Powder, Other small objects, 639-640 home care
poisoning
Incidence, Storage, Home, Poison control:1-800-222-1222, Ipecac
Ingestions
Principles of emergency care
1. Assess the child 2. Terminate exposure 3. Identification 4. Removal
a. vomiting (ipecac)
b. gastric lavage
c. activated charcoal
d. cathartics
e. antidotes
assess the victim
take vs, reevaluate regularly, initiate cardiorespriatory support if needed, treat other symptom, such as seizures
terminate exposure
empty mouth of materials, flush eyes continuously w/ ns for 15-20 min, flush skin wash w/ soap & a soft cloth; remove contaminated clothes, esp if a pesticide, acid, alkali, or hydrocarbon is involved, bring victim of an an inhalation positioning into fresh air, give one sip of water to dilute ingested poison
identify the poison
question the victim and witness, look for environmental clues (empty container, nearby spill, odor on breath) & save all evidence of poison (container, vomitis, urine), be alert to s&s of potential poisoning in absence of otha evidence, incl symp of ocular or dermal exposure
call poison control center
for immediate advice regarding tmt
Vomiting (ipecac)
q
Gastric lavage
q
Activated charcoal
q
Cathartics
q
Antidotes
q
CORROSIVES
Caustic substances, strong acids
or alkalis that cause chemical
burns of mucosa surface
examples of corrosives
oven cleaners, toilet cleaners,
drain cleaners, electric
dishwasher detergent, detergents, batteries, bleach
HYDROCARBONS
mineral seed oil, vaseline, pesticides, gas, kerosene, turpentine, paint thinner, paint
remover
Aspiration of HYDROCARBONS
severe fatal, chemical
pneumonitis
SALICYLATE POISONING
Respiratory system, Hyperventilation, Hyperpyrexia, Respiratory alkalosis and,metabolic acidosis, Nausea, Disorientation, Vomiting, Dehydration, Diaphoresis, Hyperpnea, Hyperpyrexia, Oliguria, Tinnitus, Coma, Seizures
ACETAMINOPHEN POISONING
Hepatic damage, Liver produces glutathionine which
combines with metabolite to negate toxic effect, Antidote Nacetylcysteine
PLUMBISM
Lead poisoning, Environmental and child factors, Pathology, Low dose and high
dose exposure, Chelation therapy, Calcium disodium
edetate, dimercaprol
– succimer