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59 Cards in this Set

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Virginia Staute of Religious Freedom
Created by Thomas Jefferson stating that no person should have an religion thrust upon them.
Land Ordinance of 1785
All acreage in the Northwest will be sold to pay of national debt
Land Ordinancy of 1787
Gave land in territories to government to sell, set aside 1/16 for education purposes and wrote out laws for territories to become a state
Shay's Rebellion
Mostly made up of backcountry settlers, led by Daniel Shay...most are angry about lack of pay from the Revolution
Constitutional Convention
Met in 1787 to fix the AoC...end up rewriting entirely....major issue was representation of states in national legislature
Virginia Plan
Also called the large state plan...called for representation to be based on population
New Jersey Plan
Called the small state plan, asked that representation be equal for each state.
Great Comrpomise (Connecticut Plan)
Created a bicamarel legislative branch with one body (Senate) which received equal representation from each state and one body which received the representation based on population.
3/5 Compromise
Included in the Great Compromise...each slave counted as 3/5 of a person...also called for the end of slave trade by 1807
Federalists
Argued for ratification of Constitution...led by Ben Franklin and George Washington...tended to be wealthier, business based and better organized as a group
Antifederalists
Tended to be backwoods men, poor farmers and unorganized. Led by people like Patrick Henry and Sam Adams. Argued for strong states' rights
Separation of Powers
Each branch (legislative, executive and judicial) have their own powers to avoid the concentration of power in the hands of a few
Checks and balances
Each branch has the ability to override the desires of other branches (ability to veto, etc)
George Washington's Presidency
Elected unanimously, created the first cabinet
Judiciary Act of 1789
Created the Supreme Court as well as federal district and circuit courts...John Jay is first Supreme Court Justice
Alexander Hamilton and the Bank
Argues that a bank will create unity in the nation, accept all state debt, allow the US to pay of all its debt at face value, gives American credit more validity
First Excise Tax
Used to help pay down debt, tax is heaviest on whiskey, leads to Whiskey Rebellion
First Bank of US
Chartered by Alexander Hamilton in 1791, based in Philadelphia
Whiskey Rebellion
Rebellion in Pennsylvania...led by people angry at excise tax, President Washington puts down rebellion using US troops
Neutrality Proclamation of 1793
Lays out American neutrality from Britain- France war, backed by Federalists and Hamilton
Hamilton Federalists
Business men, East coast, educated
Jeffersonian Democrats
Backwoods men, states' rights activists, low income, farmers
Jay's Treaty
Sent by Washington to negotiate with England...England agreed to leave forts in US and pay for damage to American ships...angers French
XYZ Affair
America attempts to write a treaty with France but upon arriving, are told that they will have to pay a bribe...they leave indignantly.
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments to the Constitution, written by James Madison
First Amendment
Freedom of speech, press, religion, congregation and petiton
Second Amendment
Right to bear arms
Third Amendment
No quartering troops
Fourth Amendment
No unreasonable search and seizure
Fifth Amendment
Rights of the accused (double jeopardy, no self incrimination)
Convention of 1800
Ends the Franco American Alliance and France will pay for damages to US ships
Alien and Sedition Acts
Written by John Adams to punish Democratic Republicans, outlawed French immigration while making it illegal to speak against government
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, stating that the federal government could be refused by states
Revolution of 1800
Thomas Jefferson wins presidency, pardons prisoners of Sedition Acts, passed Naturalization Act of 1802, got rid of excise tax
Judiciary Act of 1801
created 16 new federal judgeships and was passed by Federalists, Democratic Republicans repeal all judges BUT John Marshall
Marbury v Madison
Judicial review, Supreme Court has the right to review decisions of president
Barbary Pirates
Jefferson sends troops to Tripoli to protect American ships, creates Marines
Louisiana Purchase
Bought from Napoleon during Jefferson's presidency, Lewis and Clark as sent to investigate
Aaron Burr
Jefferson's first Vice President, traitor-hoped to seperate Western US and create a new nation
Emargo Act of 1807
Jefferson passed the act banning exportation of all foreign goods...hopes to punish France and England for impressing soldiers but really hurts Americans
Non Intercourse Act
Opened up American trade with any country but England and France
Macon's Bill No. 2
Totally overthrows embargo, America can trade with anyone...except England
War Hawks
Usually Southerners and Westerners, led by Henry Clay...argued for the War of 1812
Hartford Convetion
Federalists meet and discuss secession to avoid War of 1812...also called for total abolition of slavery
American System
Henry Clay's plan...called for banking system, protective tariffs and the building of infrastructure throughout the nation
Tariff of 1816
First protective tariff in US history,
Era of Good Feelings
Federalists have died off,
Panic of 1819
First panic, caused by speculative land investments, National Bank forecloses hundreds of Western farms
National (Cumberland) Road
Built to help movement in to Ohio River Valley
Land Act of 1820
Buyer can purchase 80 acres for $1.25
Tallmadge Amendments
Passed by House of Reps, asked that no slaves be brought in to Missouri, later overturned
Missouri Compromise (Compromise of 1820)
Henry Clay's first compromise, Missouri is a slave state, Maine is free...all states above 36, 30 parallel are free
McCullouch v Maryland
Maryland attempted to destroy a branch of bank, Marshall says bank is consitutional and expands federal power
Cohens v Virginia
Cohens illegally sell lottery tickets in Virginia, Virginia wins
Gibbons v Ogden
Argument over creation of monopoly over waterway in New York, federal government has the right to interefere in definition of monopolies and business
Treaty of 1818
Shared occupation of Oregon between US and England
Adams Onis Treaty (Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819)
American purchases Florida and gives up claims in Oregon
Monroe Doctrine
Written by John Quincy Adams, calls for no colonization from Europe in Western Hemisphere but no intervention from US in existing colonies
John Marshall
Federalist Supreme Court justice, all decisions strengthen federal government!!!!!