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157 Cards in this Set

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What is your 3rd General Order?
I will report violations of my special orders, emergencies and anything not covered in my instructions to the commander of the relief.
what is the muzzle velocity of the M16/A2 Rifle?
3,100ft. per second
what is the purpose of the compensator on the M16/A2?
two help keep the muzzle down during firing
who is the highest military court
court of military appeals
what Army regulation covers the Army substance abuse program ?
AR 600-85 (updated October 01, 2001)
of what are the eight steps and the functioning of the M16/A2?
1. feeding
2. chambering
3. locking
4. firing
5. unlocking
6. extracting
7. ejecting
8. cocking
What is AER?
it is a nonprofit organization. Its purpose is solely to help army personnel and their family members
what are the three periods of a normal daily exercise routine?
1. warm-up
2. conditioning
3. cool-down
what are the five types of ammunition that can be fired with M16/a2 rifle?
1. M199 Dummy
2. M200 Blank
3. M855 Ball Green tip
4. M856 Tracer- red tip
5. M862 Plastic training - blue tip
when was the U.S. constitution signed?
17 September 1787
what does MOPP stand for?
Mission oriented protective posture
what is the basic load of ammunition for the M16/A2?
210 rounds total (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)
what does ACS stand for?
Army community service
What is the AER motto?
helping the Army take care of its ownup
how many amendments are there in the U.S. constitution?
Study Time: 00:54
27
What FM Covers the M16/A1 and M16/A2 Rifles?
FM 3-22.9
one service stripe represents how many years?
3
what are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
1. steady position
2. proper aim (sight picture)
3. breathing
4. trigger squeeze
What are the seven principles of exercise?
1. regularity
2. progression
3. overload
4. balance
5. specificity
6. variety
7. recovery
what are the first ten amendments called?
Study Time: 16:27
The Bill of Rights
Describe the M16/A2 Rifle
of a 5.56 MM the magazine fed, gas-operated,air cooled, handheld, shoulder fired weapon capable f firing a semiautomatic or three round burst
added What does C.B.R.N. stand for?
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear
names of two physical fitness formations?
extended rectangular and circular.
What regulation covers Military Justice?
AR 27-10
What is your 2nd General order?
Study Time: 00:43
I will obey my special orders and perform all my duties in a military manner
describe the ranges for the M16/A2 rifle.
maximum range - 3,600m
Max point target - 550m
Max area target - 800m
What are the Three types of Guard Duty?
1. interior guard
2. special guard
3. exterior guard
What is your 1st General order?
I will guard the limits of my post and quit my post only when properly relieved.
What does FITT stand for?
frequency, intensity, time, and types (this acronym makes it easy to remember the key factors in the training program
How many levels of MOPP are there?
5
What FM Covers the M16/A1 and M16/A2 Rifles?
FM 3-22.9
one service stripe represents how many years?
3
what are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
1. steady position
2. proper aim (sight picture)
3. breathing
4. trigger squeeze
What are the seven principles of exercise?
1. regularity
2. progression
3. overload
4. balance
5. specificity
6. variety
7. recovery
what are the first ten amendments called?
Study Time: 16:27
The Bill of Rights
Describe the M16/A2 Rifle
of a 5.56 MM the magazine fed, gas-operated,air cooled, handheld, shoulder fired weapon capable f firing a semiautomatic or three round burst
added What does C.B.R.N. stand for?
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear
names of two physical fitness formations?
extended rectangular and circular.
What regulation covers Military Justice?
AR 27-10
What is your 2nd General order?
Study Time: 00:43
I will obey my special orders and perform all my duties in a military manner
describe the ranges for the M16/A2 rifle.
maximum range - 3,600m
Max point target - 550m
Max area target - 800m
What are the Three types of Guard Duty?
1. interior guard
2. special guard
3. exterior guard
What is your 1st General order?
I will guard the limits of my post and quit my post only when properly relieved.
What does FITT stand for?
frequency, intensity, time, and types (this acronym makes it easy to remember the key factors in the training program
How many levels of MOPP are there?
5
NBC Hazzards are classified into two types, what are they?
Immediate hazzards- produce casualties immediately after the attack
Residual hazzards- Delayed effects
What are the nine mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning
1. unexplained runny nose
2. unexplained headache
3. sudden drooling
4. difficulty seeing
5. tightness in the chest or difficulty breathing
6. localized sweating and muscular twitching in the area of contaminated skin 7. stomach cramps
8. nausea
What AR covers the Army Physical Fitness Program
AR 350-1
what is concealment?
Protection from enemy observation
military leadership leadership counseling
fm 22-100
military justice
ar 27-10
army programs
ar 930-4
What is the Field Manual for map reading and land navigation?
FM 3-25.26
What are the basic colors of a map, and what does each color represent?
* Black - Indicates cultural (man-made) features such as buildings and roads, surveyed spot elevations, and all labels.
* Red-Brown - The colors red and brown are combined to identify cultural features, all relief features, non-surveyed spot elevations, and elevation, such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.
* Blue - Identifies hydrography or water features such as lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainage.
* Green - Identifies vegetation with military significance, such as woods, orchards, and vineyards.
* Brown - Identifies all relief features and elevation, such as contours on older edition maps, and cultivated land on red-light readable maps.
* Red - Classifies cultural features, such as populated areas, main roads, and boundaries, on older maps.
* Other - Occasionally other colors may be used to show special information. These are indicated in the marginal information as a rule.
Where is the Legend of the map found?
Lower left margin
What are contour lines?
Imaginary lines on the ground connecting equal elevation, they represent high and low ground elevation.
How many Norths are there on a military map?
Three;

1. True north
2. Magnetic north
3. Grid north
What must be done to a map before it can be used?
It must be oriented
What are 5 major terrain features found on a map?
1. Hill
2. Ridge
3. Valley
4. Saddle
5. Depression
What are the 3 minor terrain features found on a military map
1. Draw
2. Spur
3. Cliff
What are the 2 supplementary terrain features found on a military map?
1. Cut
2. Fill
What is a map?
A map is a graphic representation of a portion of the earth’s surface drawn to scale, as seen from above.
What is the distance between grid lines on a combat map?
1 kilometer or 1000 meters
How many mils are there in a circle?
6400 mils in 360 degrees
Which north is used when using a military map?
Magnetic north when using a compass, and grid north when using the map
Name two ways to hold a compass
1. Compass-to-Cheek Method
2. Center-Hold Method
What is a declination diagram?
Shows the angular relationship between the magnetic north, grid north and true north
What is the general rule for reading military grid coordinates?
Right and UP
What does UTM stand for?
Universal Transverse Mercator
Name two ways to orient a map
Use a compass and terrain association
The arrow on a compass always points what direction?
Magnetic north
What army manual covers first aid for soldiers?
FM 4-25.11
What is first aid?
It's the first care given to injured soldiers before medical personnel ar available.
What are the three types of bleeding and how are they recognized?
Arterial - Blood is bright red and spurts with the heartbeat
Venous - Blood is dark red and flows in a steady stream
Capillary - Blood oozes from the wound.
What are the four types of burns?
Electrical, thermal, chemical and laser.
Where is the tourniquet applied?
Around a limb, between the injury and the heart, two to four inchest above the wound. And, never place a trouniquet directly to a joint.
What should be applied if bleeding continues after applying a field dressing?
Apply a pressure dressing after manual pressure, and elevation of the injury.
What are signs of shock?
Cool, pale and damp skin, confusion, nausea or vomiting, restlessness or nervousness, loss of blood, thirst, fast breathing, fainting spells, excessive perspiration, blothced or bluish skin, especially around the mouth or lips.
What is the treatment for shock?
Move to cover if possible. Lay the casualty on their back, elevate the legs, loosen clothing at the neck, waist, ankles and feet, prevent chilling or overheating, keep the casualty calm
What is the measure for checking the tightness of bandages?
Two fingers should slip under the bandage
What items should never be used as a tourniquet?
Wire or string.
What procedure is used to restore heart?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
When may resuscitation measures be stopped?
When a doctor tells you to stop.
When you are relieved by others.
When you can't physically continue.
When the casualty starts breathing on her own.
When is the casualty's clothing not removed in order to exose a wound
When the clothing is stuck to the wound, or in an NBC enviroment.
What are the three categories of heat injries?
Heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
What are the two most common types of fractures?
Open (compound) , and closed (simple)
Name five types of cold and wet weather injuries
Frostbite, hypothermia, immersion foot/trench foot, chilblain, snow blindness
What is hypothermia?
The body loses heat faster then it can produce.
Define Leadership
Leadership is influencing people—by providing purpose, direction, and motivation—while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization.
What is purpose?
Purpose gives people a reason to do things.
What is direction?
When providing direction, you communicate the way you want the mission accomplished
What is motivation?
Motivation gives subordinates the will to do everything they can to accomplish a mission. It results in their acting on their own initiative when they see something needs to be done.
Describe the "Be, Know and Do".
Army leadership begins with what the leader must BE, the values and attributes that shape a leader’s character. Your skills are those things you KNOW how to do, your competence in everything from the technical side of your job to the people skills a leader requires. But character and knowledge—while absolutely necessary—are not enough. You cannot be effective, you cannot be a leader, until you apply what you know, until you act and DO what you must.
A leader must have a certain level of knowledge to be competent. That knowledge is spread across four skill domains. What are the four skills a leader must have?
Interpersonal - knowledge of your people and how to work with them.
Conceptual - the ability to understand and apply the doctrine and other ideas required to do your job.
Technical - how to use your equipment.
Tactical - the ability to make the right decisions concerning employment of units in combat.
What are the Leader Actions?
1. Influencing – making decisions, communicating those decisions, and motivating people.
2. Operating – the things you do to accomplish your organization’s immediate mission.
3. Improving – the things you do to increase the organization’s capability to accomplish current or future missions.
What are the three levels of leadership?
Direct - Direct leadership is face-to-face, first-line leadership.
Organizational - Organizational leaders influence several hundred to several thousand people. They do this indirectly, generally through more levels of subordinates than do direct leaders.
Strategic - Strategic leaders include military and DA civilian leaders at the major command through Department of Defense levels. Strategic leaders are responsible for large organizations and influence several thousand to hundreds of thousands of people
What are the Army Values?
Loyalty
Duty
Respect
Selfless Service
Honor
Integrity
Personal Courage
Why must leaders introduce stress into training?
Leaders must inject stress into training to prepare soldiers for stress in combat.
What are the four forms of communication?
One way
Two way
Active Listening
Nonverbal
Name the two barriers of communications
Physical
Psychological
What are the two categories of counseling?
Event-oriented counseling
Performance / Professional growth counseling
What are the 7 steps to problem solving?

Identify the problem
Identify facts and assumptions
Generate alternatives
Analyze alternatives
Compare the alternatives
Make and execute your decision
Assess the results
Identify the problem
Identify facts and assumptions
Generate alternatives
Analyze alternatives
Compare the alternatives
Make and execute your decision
Assess the results
What is reverse planning?
When you begin with the goal in mind, you often will use the reverse planning method. Start with the question “Where do I want to end up?” and work backward from there until you reach “We are here right now.”
Name the four indicators of good leadership?
Proficiency
Discipline
Cohesion
Morale
What are the 11 principles of leadership
Know yourself and seek self-improvement
Be technically and tactically proficient
Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions
Make sound and timely decisions
Set the example
Know your soldiers and look out for their well being
Keep your subordinates informed
Develop a sense of responsibility in your subordinates
Ensure the task is understood, supervised and accomplished
Build the team
Employ your unit in accordance with its capabilities
Name some things in a unit that affect morale
Mess
Military justice
Mail
Supply
Billets
What are Beliefs?
Beliefs are assumptions or convictions you hold as true about something, concept or person
Customs and courtesies
AR 600-25
Drill and Ceremonies
FM 22-5
Field Sanitation
FM 21-10
NBC
FM 3-3, 3-4, 3-5, 3-7, 3-100
Guard Duty
FM 22-6
What are the five components of physical fitness?
Muscle strength
muscle endurance
body composition
flexibility
cardiorespiratory endurance
What will be the FM number of the new PT manual?
FM 3-25.20, army physical readiness training
Describe BE , KNOW , DO
Army leadership begins what a leader must be the values that shape a leaders character.
Your skills are those things you know how to do ,
you cannot be an effective leader , until you apply what you know to do what you must .
Name the 4 human needs ?
1. Physical
2. Security
3. Social
4. Higher (religious)
What are three approaches to counseling .
1. direct
2 indirect
3 Combined
What is the definition of counseling ?
A process of listening , communicating advice , instruction or judgement with the intent of influencing a persons attitude or behavior .
What is the highest peacetime award for valor?
The Soldiers Medal
What is an Award?
A decoration, medal, badge, ribbon, or appurtenance bestowed on an individual or a unit
What is a decoration?
An award to an individual for a specific act of gallantry or service
Name the ribbon awarded to members of the US Army for successful completion of the Basic and AIT?
The Army Service Ribbon
To whom is the Purple Heart awarded?
To anyone, military or civilian, wounded or killed in action against an armed enemy
Name the three Special Skill Tabs.
Ranger, Special Forces, Presidents Hundred
What Army Regulation covers the wear and appearance of the military uniform?
AR 670-1
Explain the Chain of Command.
The succession of commanders superior to subordinates through which command is exercised
Define Responsibility
Being accountable for what you do
Define Duty
Duty is a legal or moral obligation to do what should be done without being told to do it.
Is the CSM in the Chain of Command
No (but he supervises the NCO support channel)
What must a Sergeant have in order to accomplish Sergeant's Business
The Skill, ability and Leadership to train soldiers for combat and lead them into combat
Define Military Courtesy
The respect soldiers show to each other
When do you salute inside a building?
When reporting to your commander
• When reporting to a pay officer
• When reporting to a military board
• At an indoor ceremony
• At sentry duty indoors
Enlisted members generally do not exchange salutes, what are some examples of when they would exchange salutes?
• When rendering reports in formation
• When reporting to an enlisted president of a board
What is Reveille?
A ceremony in which the unit honors the U.S. flag when it is raised in the morning
If you are standing outdoors in uniform and you hear "Retreat" being played, what should you do?
Face toward the flag or music, and come to attention, on the first note of "to the color", render the hand salute
What FM covers Drill and Ceremony?
FM 3-21.5
What is the primary purpose of drill and ceremony?
It enables leaders to move an individual or a unit from one place to another in an orderly manner. It also aids in disciplinary training by instilling habits of precision and response to a leaders orders
What are the 4 rest positions that can be given at the halt?
1. Parade rest
2. Stand at ease
3. At ease
4. Rest
What is a formation?
The arrangement of elements of a unit in a prescribed manner
From what position are all stationary movements given?
Position of attention
What are the two parts of most drill command?
1. Preparatory command
2. Command of execution
How many steps does each rank take when a platoon is given the command of Open Ranks?
On the command "March", The first rank takes two steps forward, the second rank takes one step forward, the third rank stands fast and the fourth rank take two 15 inch steps to the rear
What is the "Blue Book"?
A drill manual used by Baron Von Steuben (a former Prussian officer) to train the colonial army. It preceded the FM 3-21.5. It was known as "The regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States". This book was the first Army Field Manual
What is a principle?
Principles are guidelines
What Army Programs can offer an interest-free loan or grant to families in unexpected emergency financial situations
Army Emergency Relief (AER)
Who is eligible to us AER?
All active duty and retired personnel and their families
Where should active duty soldiers seeking AER assistance begin?
The unit commander
Which Army Program provides information, referral, advocacy, and support services for those military famalies with handicapped family members?
The Exceptional Famely Member Program
Where can a soldier go to obtain a power of attorney?
The Legal Assistance Office
What Army program assists individuals being separated from government service to integrate into civilian life?
The Army Career and Alumni Program (ACAP)
What does the acronym "DEERS" stand for and what is its purpose?
The Defense Enrolled Eligibility Reporting System is designed to identify eligible military dependents and is used to secure identification cards for them.
What Army program is available to assist soldiers with drug and/or alcohol dependency?
The Army Alcohol and Drug Prevention Control Program (ADAPCP)
What are some of the services the Red Cross provides?
a. Disaster assistance
b. Emergency financial assistance
c. Emergency communications between soldiers and their families
d. Reporting service for emergency leave purposes
e. Counseling for personal and family problems
Where would an individual seeking training/certification in CPR go for assistance?
The American Red Cross
Name six Army programs available to military dependents and retired personnel
TRICARE, Army Community Service (ACS), Red Cross, Army Emergency Relief (AER), Alcohol and Substance Abuse Program (ASAP), Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Activities (MWR)
What form is used for counseling?
DA Form 4856 E
what army publication covers NCO professional development (Ncopd)
DA Pam 600-25