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35 Cards in this Set

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Culture
It is the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs.
Cultural traits
A behavioral characteristic of a people, such as a language, skill, or custom passed from one generation to another.
Cultural landscape
A landscape that has been changed by human beings and that reflects their culture
Agriculture
Farming; includes growing crops and raising livestock.
Technology
Tools and the skills that people need to use them; the practical use of scientific skills, especially in industry
The IV stages of human development
I one Stone /Paleolithic age
II New stone/ Neolithic age
III 1st agricultural revolutionThe Neolithic (New Stone Age) is characterised by the adoption of agriculture (the so-called Neolithic Revolution),
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stone age was marked by
Using stones to advance technology
New stone age was marked by
The invention of fire and hunting and gathering
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1st agricultural revolution was marked by
maybe the invention of domestication and farming
Social structure
The ways in which people within a culture are organized into smaller groups; each smaller group has its own task
Extended family
A family unit that may include parents children grandparents aunts includes cousins and other relatives often living near or with each other
Nuclear family
A family that includes parents and children.
Elements of culture
Social organization; Customs and traditions; social classes; Language; arts and literature; religion
Social classes
How people are ranked in a culture.
Ethics
Standards of accepted behavior/ ideas of right and wrong
Aesthetics
Ideas of beautiful and ugly
Material culture
Artifacts
Spiritual/ verbal culture
Ethics, aesthetics, oral traditions
economy
Is a system for producing, distributing and consuming goods and services
Producers
Owners and workers
goods
Products
Services
Work done or duties preformed for other people.
Customers
Are people who why and use services and goods.
Capitalism
An economic system in which people and privately owned companies own both basic and non basic businesses and industries
socialism
An economic system in which the gov owns most basic industries, such as transportation, communications and banking; non basic industries are privately owned.
Communism
A theory of gov. in which property such as farms and factories is owned by the gov for benefit of all citizens
Direct democracy
a system of gov in which the people participate directly in desicion making
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Monarchy
a system of authoritarian goverment headed by a monarchy-ussally king or queen-inherits throne by birth
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Constitution
a set of laws that defines and limits the goverments power
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Representative democracy
a systemof gov in which people elect representatives to run the affairs of the country
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Dictator
a ruler who has complete power over a country
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Cultural diffusion
The progress of accepting, borrowing and exchanging ideas and traits among cultures.
Acculturation
a process of accepting, borrowing and exchanging ideas and traits amoung cultures
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Neolithic Revolution /first agricultural revolution,
The Neolithic Revolution is the term for the first agricultural revolution, describing the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture, as first adopted by various independent prehistoric human societies, in various locations. The term refers to both the general time period over which these initial developments took place and the subsequent changes to Neolithic human societies which either resulted from, or are associated with, the adoption of early farming techniques and crop cultivation.
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Subsequent revolutions "Secondary Products Revolution".
Animals, it appears were first domesticated purely as a source of meat. The Secondary Products Revolution occurred when it was recognised that animals also provided a number of other useful products. These included:
hides and skins (from all domesticated animals)
manure for soil conditioning (from all domesticated
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