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50 Cards in this Set

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“I will shake my little finger and there will be no more Tito” General Secretary of the Soviet Party in Russia. Initiated the Great Purge, a campaign of political repression. Under the Soviet Union, made a large contribution to the defeat of the Nazis. Established the USSR as one of the 2 major superpowers after the war.
Marshall plan
European Recovery Program – US provided financial aid to European countries to help rebuild after WWII
North Atlantic Treat Organization – military alliance. (Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, US.) (Later Warsaw Pact – Poland, Czech Republic and Hungary)
Warsaw Pact
: Military alliance – Albania, Bulgaria, Czech, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Soviet Union agreed to provide mutual assistance. After it dissolved, some former members joined NATO.
Predecessor in Soviet Union. Tried to reduce tensions w/ the West and improve the living standards of the Soviet people. Promoted “peaceful coexistence” with the West. Agreed to negotiate with Austria and allowed the creation of a neutral country. Called for reduction in defense expenditures and reduced armed forces. Established alliances with Indonesia, Egypt, India, and Cuba. Declared that the Soviet Union would provide active support to national liberation movements throughout the world
Richard Nxon
Pledged an honorable end to the Vietnam War. Wanted to improve relations with China. Only president to resign from office after the Watergate scandal.
Committee on Government Security
Addicted to “bourgeois pleasures.” Sought stability in the domestic arena. Undertook the program of “de-Khrushchevization,” returning the responsibility for long-term planning to the central ministries and reuniting the Communist Party. Launched reforms to give factory managers more responsibility.
Russian novelist, dramatist, and historian. Received Nobel Prize in Literature for making the world aware of the Gulag; Was exiled from the Soviet Union; Elected a member of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Little Red Book
Mao’s book containing a collection of his sayings on proper revolutionary behavior
Charles De Gaul
Ensured the establishment of a French provisional gov’t after the war; considered parliamentary system weak; drafted a constitution for the Fifth Republic that greatly enhanced the power of the office of president; Sought to return France to great power; invested heavily in the nuclear arms race. During his reign, France’s GDP increased faster than the US, making France a major industrial producer and exporter.
Margaret Thatcher
Great Britain’s first female prime minister; The “Iron Lady;” pledged to lower taxes, reduce gov’t bureaucracy, limit social welfare, restrict union power, and end inflation. Her economic policy was called “Thatcherism.” Attempted to replace local property taxes with a flat-rate tax payable by every adult, but after anti-tax riots, Thatcher resigned.
European Common Market
: European Economic Community; eliminated customs barriers for the 6 member nations and created a large free-trade area protected from the rest of the world by a common external tariff; encouraged cooperation and standardization in the 6 nations (Originally France, West Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Italy).
Pierre Trudeau
: French Canadian was dedicated to Canada’s federal union; his gov’t passed the Official Languages Act, creating a bilingual federal civil service and encouraged the growth of French culture and language; pushed an industrialization program; caused high inflation; tried to impose the will of the federal gov’t on the powerful provincial gov’ts alienating voters and weakening his gov’t.
Parti Quebecois
Campaigned on a platform of Quebec’s succession from the Canadian confederation; called for a referendum that would enable the provincial gov’t to negotiate Quebec’s independence form the rest of Canada. Headed by René Lévesque.
Fidel Castro
: Led a ban of revolutionaries against Batista’s gov’t; used guerrilla warfare tactics; encouraged agricultural diversification.
ruling party; the Institutional Revolutionary Party; focused don a balanced industrial program; had 15 years of steady economic growth, low inflation, real gains in wages for more people, and was considered the “golden age” to some.
Bob Dylan
Music artist; “The Times They are a-Changin” has been called an “anthem for the protest movement,” referring to the youth rebellion spurred by the Vietnam War and growing political consciousness.
Simone de beauvoir
: French woman who led the postwar women’s liberation movement; Believed that she lived a “liberated” life for a 20th century European woman, but still felt women were faced w/ limits that men didn’t have: published The Second Sex, arguing that women have been forced into a position subordinate to men.
John PaulII
First non-Italian to be elected pope since 16th century; Reasserted traditional Catholic teaching on birth control, women in the priesthood, and clerical celibacy; traveled around the world to help strengthen the Catholic church throughout the non-Western world; strong believer in social justice; reminding Europeans of their spiritual heritage and to calm their pursuit of materialism w/ spiritual concerns.
Organization of African Unity; founded in Addis Ababa; intended to represent the interests of all the newly independent countries of Africa and provided a forum for the discussion of common problems until 2001, being replaced by the African Union.
African National Congress; its goal was to achieve economic and political reforms, including full equality for educated Africans, within the framework of the existing system; after little success, they became radicalized.
Palestine Liberation Organization; was set up under Egyptian sponsorship to represent the interests of the Palestinians; Only Palestinian people had the right to form a state in the old British mandate.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; Oil-producing states that formed to gain control over oil prices, but was not recognized by the foreign oil companies.
Saddam Huessein
: Leader of a militant and hostile Iraq; accused Iran of violating the territorial agreement and launched an attack on them; war lasted for nearly 10 years; poison gas was used against civilians; fought for territorial expansion.
Egyptian; led forces to overthrow Kin Farouk; was angered by the army’s inadequate preparation for the war against Israel; seized power and instituted a land reform program; adopted a policy of neutrality in foreign affairs and expressed sympathy for the Arab cause; Nationalized the Suez Canal Company; determined to extend state control over the economy and brought an end to the UAR
Anwar Al Sadat
Succeeded Nasser; Changed the name to Arab Republic of Egypt; replaced Nasser’s socialist policies with a new strategy based on free enterprise and encouraged Western investment; attempted to renew Arab unity, sending forces on Yom Kippur into Israel
Islamic religious figure and revolutionary leader that overthrew the shah in Iran.
Prime minister of the Congress Party; determined to include both states within India; Under his leadership, India adopted a political system on the British model, president and parliamentary form of gov’t; devotee of Western materialism, advocating industrialization; primary themes=anti colonialism and antiracism
Indira Gandhi
Nehru’s daughter and successor; inexperienced in politics; embraced democratic socialism and a policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; nationalized banks, provided loans to peasant, built low-cost housing, distributed land to the landless, and introduced electoral reforms to enfranchise the poor; enforced sterilization to combat her concern for growing population.
Leader of the Indonesian Nationalist Party; spellbinding speaker and charismatic leader of his nation’s struggle for independence; 2 favorite projects= Indonesian nationalism and “guided democracy;” created a sense of national identity among the people.
Little Tigers
the 4 industrializing societies of Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and South Korea; achieved considerable success by following the path originally charted by Japan; became economic powerhouses.
Communist government takes over China
Korean War
Egypt Nationalizes Suez Cana
Cuban Missile Crisis
Nixon visits China
Fall of South Vietnam to communist North
Berlin wall Falls
Chinese Cultural Revolution
Death Mao
Tiananman Square incident
Civil rights Act US
Castro Force seizes cuba
Students revolt in Mexico City/Paris
Ghana Achieves Independence
Formation of the state of israel
Iranian Revolution
persian Gulf war
Independence for india and Pakistan