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25 Cards in this Set

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Fitzgerald’s given names indicate his parents’ pride in his father’s ancestry
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
His father, Edward, was from Maryland, with an allegiance to the Old South and its values. Fitzgerald’s mother, Mary (Mollie) McQuillan, was the daughter of an Irish immigrant who became wealthy as a wholesale grocer in St. Paul. Both were Catholics.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
Edward Fitzgerald failed as a manufacturer of wicker furniture in St. Paul, and he became a salesman for Procter & Gamble in upstate New York.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
After he was dismissed in 1908, when his son was twelve, the family returned to St. Paul and lived comfortably on Mollie Fitzgerald’s inheritance. Fitzgerald attended the St. Paul Academy; his first writing to appear in print was a detective story in the school newspaper when he was thirteen.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
During 1911-1913 he attended the Newman School, a Catholic prep school in New Jersey, where he met Father Sigourney Fay, who encouraged his ambitions for personal distinction and achievement. As a member of the Princeton Class of 1917, Fitzgerald neglected his studies for his literary apprenticeship.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
He wrote the scripts and lyrics for the Princeton Triangle Club musicals and was a contributor to the Princeton Tiger humor magazine and the Nassau Literary Magazine.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
His college friends included Edmund Wilson and John Peale Bishop. On academic probation and unlikely to graduate, Fitzgerald joined the army in 1917 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry. Convinced that he would die in the war, he rapidly wrote a novel, “The Romantic Egotist”; the letter of rejection from Charles Scribner’s Sons praised the novel’s originality and asked that it be resubmitted when revised.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
In June 1918 Fitzgerald was assigned to Camp Sheridan, near Montgomery, Alabama. There he fell in love with a celebrated belle, eighteen-year-old Zelda Sayre, the youngest daughter of an Alabama Supreme Court judge.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
The romance intensified Fitzgerald’s hopes for the success of his novel, but after revision it was rejected by Scribners for a second time.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
The war ended just before he was to be sent overseas; after his discharge in 1919 he went to New York City to seek his fortune in order to marry.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
Unwilling to wait while Fitzgerald succeeded in the advertisement business and unwilling to live on his small salary, Zelda Sayre broke their engagement.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
Fitzgerald quit his job in July 1919 and returned to St. Paul to rewrite his novel as This Side of Paradise. It was accepted by editor Maxwell Perkins of Scribners in September.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
Set mainly at Princeton and described by its author as “a quest novel,” This Side of Paradise traces the career aspirations and love disappointments of Amory Blaine.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
the fall-winter of 1919 Fitzgerald commenced his career as a writer of stories for the mass-circulation magazines. Working through agent Harold Ober, Fitzgerald interrupted work on his novels to write moneymaking popular fiction for the rest of his life.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
The Saturday Evening Post became Fitzgerald’s best story market, and he was regarded as a “Post writer.” His early commercial stories about young love introduced a fresh character: the independent, determined young American woman who appeared in “The Offshore Pirate” and “Bernice Bobs Her Hair.” Fitzgerald’s more ambitious stories, such as “May Day” and “The Diamond as Big as the Ritz,” were published in The Smart Set, which had a small circulation.

The publication of This Side of Paradise on March 26, 1920, made the twenty-four-year-old Fitzgerald famous
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
The publication of This Side of Paradise on March 26, 1920, made the twenty-four-year-old Fitzgerald famous almost overnight, and a week later he married Zelda Sayre in New York. They embarked on an extravagant life as young celebrities. Fitzgerald endeavored to earn a solid literary reputation, but his playboy image impeded the proper assessment of his work.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
After a riotous summer in Westport, Connecticut, the Fitzgeralds took an apartment in New York City; there he wrote his second novel, The Beautiful and Damned, a naturalistic chronicle of the dissipation of Anthony and Gloria Patch. When Zelda Fitzgerald became pregnant they took their first trip to Europe in 1921 and then settled in St. Paul for the birth of their only child, Frances Scott (Scottie) Fitzgerald, who was born in October 1921.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
The Fitzgeralds expected to become affluent from his play, The Vegetable. In the fall of 1922 they moved to Great Neck, Long Island, in order to be near Broadway. The political satireòsubtitled “From President to Postman”òfailed at its tryout in November 1923, and Fitzgerald wrote his way out of debt with short stories.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
The distractions of Great Neck and New York prevented Fitzgerald from making progress on his third novel. During this time his drinking increased. He was an alcoholic, but he wrote sober. Zelda Fitzgerald regularly got “tight,” but she was not an alcoholic. There were frequent domestic rows, usually triggered by drinking bouts.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
Literary opinion makers were reluctant to accord Fitzgerald full marks as a serious craftsman. His reputation as a drinker inspired the myth that he was an irresponsible writer; yet he was a painstaking reviser whose fiction went through layers of drafts. Fitzgerald’s clear, lyrical, colorful, witty style evoked the emotions associated with time and place.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
When critics objected to Fitzgerald’s concern with love and success, his response was: “But, my God! it was my material, and it was all I had to deal with.” The chief theme of Fitzgerald’s work is aspirationòthe idealism he regarded as defining American character.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
Another major theme was mutability or loss. As a social historian Fitzgerald became identified with the Jazz Age: “It was an age of miracles, it was an age of art, it was an age of excess, and it was an age of satire,” he wrote in “Echoes of the Jazz Age.”
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
Seeking tranquility for his work the Fitzgeralds went to France in the spring of 1924 . He wrote The Great Gatsby during the summer and fall in Valescure near St. Raphael, but the marriage was damaged by Zelda’s involvement with a French naval aviator. The extent of the affairòif it was in fact consummatedòis not known. On the Riviera the Fitzgeralds formed a close friendship with affluent and cultured American expatriates Gerald and Sara Murphy.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
The Fitzgeralds spent the winter of 1924-1925 in Rome, where he revised The Great Gatsby; they were en route to Paris when the novel was published in April. The Great Gatsby marked a striking advance in Fitzgerald’s technique, utilizing a complex structure and a controlled narrative point of view. Fitzgerald’s achievement received critical praise, but sales of Gatsby were disappointing, though the stage and movie rights brought additional income.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.
In Paris Fitzgerald met Ernest Hemingwayòthen unknown outside the expatriate literary circleòwith whom he formed a friendship based largely on his admiration for Hemingway’s personality and genius. The Fitzgeralds remained in France until the end of 1926, alternating between Paris and the Riviera. Fitzgerald made little progress on his fourth novel, a study of American expatriates in France provisionally titled “The Boy Who Killed His Mother,” “Our Type,” and “The World’s Fair.” During these years Zelda Fitzgerald’s unconventional behavior became increasingly eccentric.
A brief life of Fitzgerald. 4 Dec. 2003. 24 Feb. 2005 <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/biography.html>.