Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
of another or different race, family or kinds; composed of a mix of elements
those people legally admitted as permanent residents of a country
public land set aside by a government for use by Native American Tribes
refugee*-one who leaves his or her home to seek protection from war, persecution, or some other danger
the process by which people of one culture merge into, and become part of, another culture
the separation of one group from another
a law the separates people on the basis of race, aimed primarily at African Americans
Jim Crow law
a constitutional basis for laws that separate one group from another on the basis of race
separate-but-equal doctrine
the process of bringing a group into equal membership in society
segregation by law, with legal sanction
de jure segregation
segregation even if no law requires it, housing patterns school desegregation through busing-different races ride on the same buses to school
de facto segregation
Act that prohibits employers from discriminating against employees in Employee Benefit Plans regarding contributions or benefits based on race or gender
Civil Rights Act of 1964
prohibited discrimination in housing, there were no federal enforcement provisions
Civil Rights Act of 1968
a policy that requires most employers take positive steps to remedy the effects of past discrimination
affirmative action
a rule requiring certain numbers of jobs or promotions for members of certain groups
discrimination against the majority group
reverse discrimination
a member of a state or nation who wes allegiance to it by birth or naturalization and is entitled to full civil rights
the law of soil, which determines citizenship based on where a person is born
jus soli
the law of blood, which determines citizenship based on one’s parents’ citizenship
jus sanguinis
the governmental acquisition of private industry for public use
foreign-born resident, or noncitizen
the legal process by which a loss of citizenship occurs
the process through which naturalized citizens may involuntarily lose their citizenship
also known as the Hart-Celler Act, in actuality fundamentally reshaped American IMMIGRATION for the remainder of the twentieth century and beyond
Immigration Act of 1965
a legal process in which aliens are legally required to leave the United States
amended the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 to better control unauthorized immigration
Immigration and Reform Control Act of 1986