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71 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
1. What is the science that treats the nature, causes and development of oral diseases?
ORAL PATHOLOGY
2. When do congenital anomalies occur?
BEFORE BIRTH
3. When do acquired anomalies occur?
AFTER BIRTH
4. What destroys the calcified tissues?
PATHOLOGIC MICRO-ORGANISMS
5. What involves the hard or soft tissue?
DEGENERATION
6. How much saliva does salivary glands secrete on a daily basis?
1,500 ml
7. What temperature is usually in the oral cavity?
98 F.
8. How many classifications can micro-organisms be divided into and what are they?
FOUR/BACTERIA,PROTOZOA,VIRUSES AND FUNGI
9. What is a localized collection of pus in a specific area of soft tissue or bone?
ABSCESS
10. What is a enclosed pouch that contains fluid or semisolid material?
CYST
11. What type of lesion is a small elevation that contains fluid?
VESICLES
12. What are the two common non-elevated lesions?
PETECHIAE AND ECCHYMOSES
13. What type of disease of the mouth has insufficient jaw space?
IMPACTION
14. What is the loss of substance of a tooth from wearing away process caused by teeth against teeth?
ATTRITION
15. What is a loss of tooth substances from a chemical process that does not involve bacteria?
EROSION
16. What is the process that destroys the hard surfaces of the tooth?
DECAY
17. What is the first appearance of dental caries?
CHALKY WHITE SPOT ON THE ENAMEL
18. What dental instrument can sink in the soft decay?
DENTAL EXPLORER
19. What type of caries are decay processes that occur underneath existing dental restorations?
RECURRENT CARIES
20. What term is referred to any disease involving the dental pulp?
PULPOSIS
21. What term refers to pain in the dental pulp?
PULPALGIA
22. What is usually caused by bacterial infection resulting from dental caries or fractured teeth?
PULPITIS
23. What results when the pulp has become inflamed and a small pus-like abscess forms in the pulpal canal?
PERIAPICAL ABSCESS
24. What is the death of a tissue called?
NECROSIS
25. What is the most prevalent chronic disease of mankind?
PERIODONTAL DISEASE
26. What is the most common type of gingival disease?
MARGINAL GINGIVITIS
27. What is commonly referred to as trench mouth or Vincent’s infection?
ACUTE NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE GINGIVITIS (ANUG)
28. What is a condition results in loss of bone that supports the teeth, periodontal pocket formation and tooth mobility?
PERIODONTITIS
29. Which teeth are most often affected by pericoronitis?
MANDIBULAR THIRD MOLARS
30. What is the healing time for ulcers?
7 TO 10 DAYS
31. In oral pathology, where is HSV-1 most commonly diagnosed?
ORAL CAVITY, TONGUE, LIPS AND EYES
32. What is the most common of all herpetic HSV-1 lesions?
HERPES LABIALIS
33. What is a fungal infection of the mouth, usually red or white in color?
CANDIDIASIS
34. Where most forms of oral cancer are most often found?
THE TONGUE
35. How much percent of smokeless tobacco is usually absorbed through the nicotine?
90
1 . Who is responsible for informing a patient when an oral disease is found?

a. Dental technician (basic)
b. Dental technician (advance) only
c. Dental officer only
d. Both b and c above
c. Dental officer only
2 . The growth or spread of malignant tumors from one area to another is known by which of the following conditions?

a. Transdermal
b. Transfusion
c. Transferism
d. Metastasis
d. Metastasis
3 . What are the two types of neoplasms that can be diagnosed in oral cancer?

a. Neo-carcinoma and malignant
b. Benign and malignant
c. Benign and neo-carcinoma
d. HSV-1 and HSV-2
b. Benign and malignant
4 . About how many millimeters (ml) of saliva do the salivary glands secrete on a daily basis?

a. 150
b. 750
c. 1500
d. 1750
c. 1500
5 . What chronic disease is the most prevalent in mankind?

a. Periapical
b. Periodontal
c. AIDS
d. HIV
b. Periodontal
6 . Commonly caused by a bacterial infection.

a. Abscess
b. Ulcers
c. Hematoma
d. Petechiae
a. Abscess
7 . Which of the following definitions best describes pulpitis?

a. Restoration of the dental pulp
b. Inflammation of the restoration
c. Inflammation of the dental pulp
d. Periapical abscess of the dental pulp
c. Inflammation of the dental pulp
8 . When do acquired anomalies occur?

a. After death
b. After birth
c. During birth
d. Before birth
b. After birth
9 . Large purplish-red areas caused by blood under the skin or mocusa.

a. Abscess
b. Hematoma
c. Petechiae
d. Ecchymoses
d. Ecchymoses
10 . When a dental caries first appears on enamel, what is the appearance?

a. A chalky white spot
b. A small brown spot
c. A hollowed out hole
d. All of the above
a. A chalky white spot
11 . Dead pulpal tissue will decompose and produce which of the following results?

a. Secondary dentin
b. Secondary pulp tissue
c. Toxins
d. Fistula
c. Toxins
12 . If a periapical abscess is left untreated, in what area of a tooth will bone loss occur?

a. Apex
b. Pulp only
c. Crown only
d. Both b and c above
a. Apex
13 . During the pocket formation, what type of projections of calculus form between the teeth?

a. Shelf-like
b. Bone-like
c. Crystal-like
d. Smooth-like
a. Shelf-like
14 . A round pinpoint, nonraised, lesion with purplish-red spots.

a. Ulcers
b. Hematoma
c. Petechiae
d. Ecchymoses
c. Petechiae
15 . A small elevation that contains fluid.

a. Abscess
b. Cyst
c. Ulcer
d. Vesicles
d. Vesicles
16 . An enclosed pouch or sac that contains fluid or semisolid material.

a. Abscess
b. Cyst
c. Ulcers
d. Hematoma
b. Cyst
17 . Recurrent herpes simplex lesions that affect routine dental treatment should be rescheduled for what period of time?

a. 2-3 days
b. 3-6 days
c. After the active phase
d. Before the active phase
c. After the active phase
18 . When periodontitis progresses, the gingival tissues will appear as what color?

a. Dark red
b. Bluish red
c. Bluish yellow
d. Grayish white
b. Bluish red
19 . Pulpalgia commonly occurs after which of the following procedures has been performed on a tooth?

a. Extraction
b. After restoration
c. Before restoration
d. After placement of gutta-percha
b. After restoration
20 . Which of the following conditions does the science of Oral Pathology NOT treat?

a. Nature of the disease
b. Surgical procedures
c. Causes of the disease
d. Development of the disease
b. Surgical procedures
21 . Smooth surface caries develop in what area of a tooth?

a. Depressions
b. Pulp chamber
c. Incisal third
d. Proximal surfaces
d. Proximal surfaces
22 . When do congenital anomalies occur?

a. After death
b. After birth
c. During birth
d. Before birth
d. Before birth
23 . The area where the user of smokeless tobacco develops an oral precancerous lesions is defined as what type of pathology?

a. Sportman^s dipper keratosis
b. Snuff-dippers keratosis
c. Farmers lesions
d. Leuko-keratosis
b. Snuff-dippers keratosis
24 . A localized collection of blood that contains fluid.

a. Abscess
b. Hematoma
c. Petechiae
d. Ecchymoses
b. Hematoma
25 . The ulceration of the gingival crest in ANUG results in what type of an appearance?

a. Punched-out
b. Stippling
c. Swollen
d. Torn
a. Punched-out
26 . Marginal gingivitis usually starts in which of the following areas?

a. Sulcus
b. Front teeth
c. Periodontal pockets
d. Tips of the papillae
d. Tips of the papillae
27 . What condition must exist for an impaction to occur?

a. Missing deciduous teeth
b. Abnormal position
c. Physical barrier
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
28 . Recurrent aphthous stomatitis are what type of lesion?

a. Ulcers
b. Abscess
c. Blisters
d. Neoplasms
a. Ulcers
29 . May be caused by biting, denture irritation, toothbrush injury, viruses, or other irritants.

a. Ulcers
b. Vesicles
c. Hematoma
d. Ecchymoses
a. Ulcers
30 . What will a dental explorer do when it is passed over an incipient lesion?

a. Sink in
b. Feel soft
c. Feel hard
d. Disappear
c. Feel hard
31 . The gingiva surrounding a periodontal abscess will have which of the following appearances?

a. Red and hard
b. Hollow and swollen
c. Bleeding and swollen
d. Inflamed and swollen
d. Inflamed and swollen
32 . What type of herpes simplex virus is most commonly diagnosed in oral pathology?

a. HSV-1
b. HSV-2
c. HSV-3
d. HSV-4
a. HSV-1
33 . Recurrent caries will occur in a tooth in which of the following circumstances?

a. Trapped air pockets
b. Sealed margins
c. Leaky margins
d. All of the above
c. Leaky margins
34 . Which of the following manifestations are signs of HIV infection?

a. Candidiasis
b. Hairy leukoplakia
c. Kaposi^s sarcoma
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
35 . Which of the following conditions causes attrition?

a. Break down of enamel, dentin, cementum
b. Wear involving teeth against teeth
c. Large tooth crowns
d. Bulimia
b. Wear involving teeth against teeth
36 . Pit and fissure caries develop in what area of a tooth?

a. Depression
b. Pulp chamber
c. Smooth surfaces
d. Proximal surfaces
a. Depression