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57 Cards in this Set

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affect
pattern of observable behaviors that is the expression of a subjectively experienced state (emotion). Examples: sadness, elation, anger. "weather" vs "climate."
mood
more pevasive and sustained emotional "climate."
blunted affect
significant reduction in intensity of emotional expression
flat affect
absence or near-absence of of any signs of affective expression
inappropriate affect
discordance between affective expression and content of speech or ideation
labile
abnormal variability in affect with repeated, rapid, and abrupt shifts in affective expression
restricted or constricted affect
mild reduction in the renge and intensity of emotional expression
agnoistic medication
a chemical entity extrinsic to endrogenously produced substances that acts on a receptor and is capable of producing the maximal effect that can be produced by stimulating that receptor
partial antagonist
capable only of producing less than the maximal effect even when given in a concentration sufficient to bind with all available receptors.
alogia
impoverished thinking inferred from observing speech and language behavior; may include poverty of speech and/or poverty of content
poverty of speech
brief, concrete replies to questions and restriction in the amount of spontaneous speech
poverty of content
speech that is adequate in amount but conveys little information because it is overconcrete, over-abstract, repetitive or stereotyped.
anterograde amnesia
loss of memory of events that occur after the onset of the etiological condition or event
retrograde amnesia
loss of memory of events that occurred before the onset of the etiological condition or agent
antagonistic medication
a chemical entity extrinsic to endogenously produced substances that occupies a receptor, produces no physiological effects, and prevents endogenous and exogenous chemicals from producing an effect on that receptor.
aphasia
impairment in understanding or transmission of ideas by language in any form - reading, writing, or speaking- that is due to injury or disease of the brain centers involved in language
aphonia
inability to produce speech sounds that require the use of the larnyx that is not due to a lesion in the CNS.
ataxia
partial or complete loss of coordination of voluntary muscular movement.
anxiety
apprehensive anticipation of future danger or misfortune accompanied by a feeling of dysphoria or somatic symptoms of tension.
avolition
an inability to initiate and persist in goal-directed activities. When pathologically severe, it is pervasive and prevents one from completing many different types of activities.
catelepsy
waxy flexibility - rigid maintenance of a body position over an extended period of time
cataplexy
episodes of sudden bi-lateral loss of muscle tone resulting in one collapsing, often in association with intense emotions such as laughter, anger, fear, or surprise
catatonic behavior
marked motor abnormalities including motor immobility (e.g. catalepsy or stupor), certain types of excessive motor activity (apparently purposeless agitation not influenced by external stimuli), extreme negativism (apparent motiveless resistance to instructions or attempts to be moved) or mutism, posturing, or stereotyped movements, and echolalias or echopraxia.
echolalia
pathological, parrotlike, and apparently senseless repetition of a word or phase just spoken by another person
echopraxia
repetition by imitation of the movements of another; the action is not a willed or voluntary one and has a semiautomatic and uncontrollable quality
conversion symptom
loss of, or alteration in, voluntary motor or sensory functioning suggesting a neurological or general medical condition. Psychological factors are judged to be associated with the development of the symptom and the symptom is not fully explained by a neurological or general medical condition or the direct effects of a substance. The symptom is not intentionally produced or feigned and is not culturally sanctioned.
bizarre delusion
delusion that involves a phenomenon that the person's culture would regard as totally implausible
depersonalization
alteration in the perception or experience of the self so that one feels detached from, as if one is an outside observer of, one'e mental processes or body
derailment
"loosening of associations" pattern of speech in which a person's ideas slip off one track onto another that is completely or only obliquely related. In moving from one sentence or clause to another, the person shifts the topic idiosyncratically from one frame of reference to another, and things may be said in juxtaposition that lack a meaningful relationship. The disturbance occurs BETWEEN clauses, in contracst to incoherence, which occurs within clauses.
derealization
an alteration in the perception or experience of the external world so that it seems strange or unreal (e.g. people may seem unfamiliar or mechanical)
dissociation
disruption in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception of the environment. Disturbance may be sudden or gradual, transient or chronic.
dysarthria
imperfet articulation of speech due to disturbance of muscular control
dyskinesia
distortion of voluntary movements with involuntary muscular activity
dyssomnia
primary disorders of sleep or wakefulness characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia as the major presenting symptom. Disorders of the amount, quality, or timing of sleep.
dystonia
disordered tonicity of muscles
flight of ideas
a nearly continuous flow of accelerated speech with abrupt changes from topic to topic that are usually based on understandable associations, distracting stimuli, or plays on words. When severe, speech may be disorganized and incoherent
gender dysphoria
persistent aversion toward some or all of those physical characteristics or social roles that connote one's own biological sex.
gender identity
person's inner conviction of being male or female
gender role
attitudes, patterns of behavior, and personality attributes defined by the culture in which the person lives as sterotypically "masculine" or "feminine" social roles.
grandiosity
inflated appraisal of one's worth, power, knowledge, importance, or identity. when extreme, may be delusional
hypnagogic
while falling asleep
hypnogogic
when awakening
auditory hallucination
involves perception of sound, typically voices. often considered hallucinatory only when heard outside the he head; DSM does not discriminate between whether the source is inside or outside the head.
most common tactile hallucination
sensation of electric shock and formication (the sensation of something creeping or crawling on or under the skin).
hyperacusis
painful sensitivity to sound
types of insomnia
initial
middle
teminal
dysphoric mood
unpleasant mood, such as sadness, anxiety, or irritability
elevated mood
exaggerated feeling of well-being, or euphoria or elation.
euthymic mood
mood in the "normal" range; implies absence of depressed or elevated mood
expansive mood
lack of restraint in expressing one's feelings, frequently with overvaluation of one's significance or importance
parasomnia
abnormal behavior or physiological events occcurring during sleep or sleep-wake transition
pressured speech
speecj that is increased in amount, accelerated, and difficult or impossible to interrupt. Usually is also lound and emphatic. Frequently the person talks without any social stimulation and may continue to talk even though no one is listening.
stereotyped movements
repetitive, seemingly driven, and nonfunctional motor behaviors
stupor
state of unresponsiveness with immobility and mutism
synesthesia
a condition in which a sensory experience associated with one modality occurs when another modality is stimulated. For example, a sound produces the sensation of a particular color.
transsexualistm
severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex
tic
involuntary, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrythmic, sterotyped motor movement or vocalization