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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the antidote for acetaminophen toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for salicylates toxicity/overdose
Alkanize urine/dialysis
What is the antidote for antichoinesterase toxicity/overdose
Atropine, pralidoxime
What is the antidote for antimuscarinic/anticholinergic agents toxicity/overdose
physostigimine salicylate
What is the antidote for Beta-blockers toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote fordigitalis toxicity/overdose
Stop digitalis, Normalize K+, lodpcaine, anti-digitialis Fab Fragments, Magnesium
What is the antidote for lead toxicity/overdose
CaEDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine
What is the antidote for iron toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for aresnic/mercury/gold toxicity/overdose
Dimercaprol (BAL), succimer
What is the antidote for copper, arsenic, gold toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote N-acetylcysteine used to treat?
Acetaminophen toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for cyanide toxicity/overdose
nitrite, hydroxocobalamin, thiosoulfate
What is the antidote for methemoglobin toxicity/overdose
methylene blue
What is the antidote glucagon used to treat?
Beta-blocker toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for carbon monoxide toxicity/overdose
100% oxygen, hyperbaric oxygen
What is the antidote atropine used to treat?
anticholinesterase toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for methanol toxicity/overdose
Ethanol, dialusis, fomepizole
What is the antidote for opiods toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for ethylene glycol toxicity/overdose
Ethanol, dialusis, fomepizole
What is the antidote for benzodiazepines toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for (TCA) Tricyclic Antidepressants toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for Heparin toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote Deferoxamine used to treat?
Iron toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for warfarin toxicity/overdose
vitamin K, fresh frozen plasma
What is the antidote Naloxone/naltrexone used to treat?
opioid toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote for tPA/streptokinase toxicity/overdose
aminocaproic acid
What is the antidote Physostigmine salicylate used to treat?
Antimuscarinic/anticholinergic agents toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote Flumazenil used to treat?
Benzodiazepine toxicity/overdose
What is the antidote Protamine used to treat
Heparin toxicity/overdose
Children living in old houses might eat the paint chips which could cause ____
Lead Poisoning
Signs of Lead poisoning include:
Lead Lines on gingivae and epiphyses of Long bones, Encephalopathy and Erythrocyte Basophilic stippling, Abdominal colic and sideroblastic Anemia, Wrist and Foot Drop
1st line of Treatment for Lead Poisoning include
Dimercaprol and EDTA
Weak acids, such as phenobarbitol, methotreaxate, aspirin, alkanize urine with ____ to increase clearance
Weak bases, such as amphetamines, acidify urine with NH4Cl to ____ clearance
Pulmonary fibrosis (3)
bleomycin, amiodarone, busulfan
Hepatitis (2)
isoniazid, halothane
Focal to massive hepatic necrosis (4)
halothane, valproic acid, acetaminophen, amanita phalloides
Anaphylaxis (1)
SLE-like syndrome (4). [mnemonic: it's not HIPP to have lupus]
hydralazine, INH, procainamide, phenytoin
Hemolysis in G6PD-deficient patients (8)
sulfonamides, INH, aspirin, ibuprofen, primaquine, nitrofurantoin, pyrimethamine, chloramphenicol
Thrombotic complications (1 class)
OCPs (e.g. estrogens and progestins)
Adrenocortical insufficiency (withdrawal of what class of drugs causes adrenocortical insufficiency?)
withdrawal of glucocorticoids causes hypothalamic-pituitary-axis suppression
Photosensitivity reactions (3) [mnemonic: SAT for a photo]
Sulfonamides, amiodarone, tetracycline
Induce P-450 system (6)
barbiturates, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, griseofulvin, quinidine
Inhibit P-450 system (6, including one fruit)
cimetidine, ketoconazole, grapefruit, erythromycin, INH, sulfonamides
Tubulointerstitial nephritis (5)
sulfonamides, furosemide, methicillin, rifampin, NSAIDs (except aspirin)
Hot flashes (1)
Cutaneous flushing (4)
niacin, Ca++ channel blockers, adenosine, vancomycin
Cardiac toxicity (2)
doxorubicin (adriamycin), daunorubicin
Agranulocytosis (3, all start with letter C)
clozapine, carbamazepine, colchicine
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (3)
ethosuximide, sulfonamides, lamotrigine
Cinchonism (2)
quinidine, quinine
Tendonitis, tendon rupture and cartilage damage (kids) (1)
Disulfiram-like reaction (4)
metronidazole, certain cephalosporins, procarbazine, sulfonylureas
Otoxicity and nephrotoxicity (3)
aminoglycosides, loop diuretics, cisplatin
Drug-induced Parkinson's (4)
haloperidol, chlorpromazine, resperine, MPTP
Torsades de pointes (two subclasses of antiarrhythmics)
Class III (sotalol), class IA (quinidine) antiarrhythmics
Aplastic anemia (3)
chloramphenicol, benzene, NSAIDs
Neuro/nephrotoxicity (1)
Pseudomembranous colitis (2)
clindamycin, ampicillin
Gynecomastia (5) [mnemonic: Some Drugs Create Awesome Knockers]
spironolactone, digitalis, cimetidine, chronic Alcohol use, estrogens, ketoconazole
Atropine-like side effects (1)
Cough (1)
ACE inhibitors (losartan --> no cough)
Gingival hyperplasia (1)
Diabetes insipidus (1)
Tardive dyskinesia (1)
Fanconi's syndrome (1)
Gray baby syndrome (1)
Extrapyramidal side effects (3)
chlorpromazine, thioridazine, haloperidol
Osteoporosis (2)
corticosteroids, heparin
What drug causes coronary vasospasm?
What drugs cause actue cholestatic hepatitis? (1)
What drugs cause hemorrhagic cystitis? (2)
Cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide
What drugs cause seizures? (3)
Buproprion, imipenem/cilastatin