Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Enterococcus faecalis
G+ cocci
Tetracycline: Tigecycline (Tygacil)
Ticarcillin: Carboxypenicillin
Ampicillin + Sulbactam (Unasyn)
Vanco + gentamicin
E. faecium
G+ cocci
(Generally more resistant to abx than E. faecalis)
Recomend consultation with ID specialist
Staphylococcus aureus/Staphylococcus epidermidis
Methicillin (oxacillin) sensitive
G+ cocci
Penicillinase-Resistant Penicillins (Nafcillin, Oxacillin, Dicloxacillin)
S. aureus/S. epi
Methicillin (oxacillin) resistant
G+ cocci
Vancomycin
Doxycycline
Tigecycline (Tygacil)
TMP Sulfa
2nd line:
Minocycline
Streptococcus (groups A, B, C, G and S. bovis)
G+ cocci
Penicillinase-resistant penicillins (nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin)
Vancomycin
Aminoglycoside
Moraxella catarrhalis
G- cocci
Produce beta lactamase, so no penicillins.
Amoxacillin-clavulanate, ampicillin-sulbactam
Neisseria spp.
G- cocci
Cefepime
Clostridium perfringens
G+ bacilli
Penicillin G +/- clindamycin
Alt:
Metronidazole, clindamycin, doxycycline, cdfaxolin, imipenem, meropenem, or ertapenem
Clostridium difficile
G+ bacilli
Oral vancomycin
Acinetobacter spp.
Fluoroquinolones
Haemophilus influenzae
Macrolide: Clarithromycin
Legionella spp.
Fluoroquinolone
Macrolide/ketolide
Pasteurella multocida
Amox/clav
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
3rd gen cephalosporin: Ceftazidime (Fortraz)
4th gen cephalosporin:
Cefepime
Carboxypenicillins: Ticarcillin
Ureidopenicillins: Piperacillin
Penicillin + Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors: Pip/tazo and ticar/clav
Carbapenems: Imipenem/Cilistatin (Primaxin®)
Fluoroquinolones: cipro
Aminoglycosides
Atypicals
(chlamydia, mycoplasma)
Fluoroquinolones
Macrolides
Tetracycline
Ketolides
Treponema pallidum
(syphilis)
Natural penicillin
Typical Gram positives
Penicillin
Aminopenicillin
Carboxypenicillins: Ticarcillin
Ureidopenicillins: Piperacillin (Pipracil®)
Penicillin + Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors
Carbapenems
1st gen, 2nd gen (limited Staph coverage), 3rd gen (limited coverage), 4th gen cephalosporin
Fluoroquinolones
Macrolides
Vanco
Tetracyclines
Sulfonamides and trimthoprim (bactrim) - good for com. acquired MRSA
Typical Gram negatives
Penicillin
Carboxypenicillins: Ticarcillin
Ureidopenicillins: Piperacillin (Pipracil®)
Penicillin + Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors
Carbapenems
Monobactams (not going to use often, mainly used in research)
1st gen (limited), 2nd gen, 3rd gen, 4th gen cephalosporin
Fluoroquinolones
Macrolides, limited
Aminoglycosides
Tetracyclines
Sulfonamides and trimthoprim (bactrim)
Anaerobes
Penicillin
Aminopenicillin
Carboxypenicillins: Ticarcillin
Ureidopenicillins: Piperacillin (Pipracil®)
Penicillin + Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors
Carbapenems
2nd gen cephalosporin: Cefoxitin only
Fluoroquinolones: Moxifloxacin and Trovafloxacin only
Listeria
Aminopenicillin