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8 Cards in this Set

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Nitroglycerin:

Class
vasodilator
Route
sublingual spray
tablet
paste / patch
Dose
one spray (0.4 mg) may be repeated twice at 5-minute intervals PRN
Drug Action
Coronary and systemic (veins and arteries) vasodilator -

-decreases peripheral vascular resistance, preload and afterload. Decreases cardiac workload and oxygen demand.
Indications
Chest pain of cardiac origin
Pulmonary edema associated with congestive heart failure (CHF)
Nitroglycerin:

Precautions
Monitor blood pressure closely
Assure Patient is sitting or lying down during administration
IV must be established before administering to suspected inferior wall MI's.
Side Effects
Hypotension
Headache
Postural Hypotension/syncope
Reflex tachycardia
Contraindications
Systolic blood pressure less than 110 mmHg

Increased intracranial pressure

Erectile dysfunction drugs used within the following time frames:
-Sildenafil citrate (viagra) 24 hours
-Vardenafil (Levitra) 24 hours
-Tadalafil (Cialis) 48 hours