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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is asthma?
Chronic inflammation of the airway
What is bronchial hyperactivity?
Mild factors are able to cause bronchial constriction
What is important with MDIs?
Inhale prior to activating device
Use of Spacers
How are DPI activated?
By breath
What is the role of Beta 2 agonists?
Relieving acute bronchospasm and preventing exercise induced bronchospasm
All of the oral Beta 2 agonists are ____ acting, while most inhaled Beta 2 agonists are ____ acting.
long
short
Long-acting Inhaled Beta 2 agonists should be used alone.
T or F
False
Should be added to the regimen
What are the two oral preparations?
Albuterol
Terbutaline
What are the adverse effects of short acting inhaled preparations?
Tachycardia, Angina, and Tremor
What are the adverse risks of long acting inhaled preparations?
Risk of severe asthma and asthma related death when used alone
What are the long acting inhaled preparations?
Salmeterol
Formoterol
What is the role of glucocorticoids in asthma?
Reducing of inflammation
Decrease mucus production
Increase number of Beta 2 receptors
Glucocorticoids must be given on a fixed schedule and benefits develop slowly.
T or F
True
What are the common adverse effects of inhaled glucocorticoids?
Oropharyngeal Candidiasis
Dysphonia
What are be done to decrease the adverse effect of throat irritation for glucocorticoids?
Gargle after
Use a spacer
What are the less common adverse effects of glucocorticoids?
Blood Loss
Adrenal Suppression
Slow growth in children
Which inhalation should be given first? A Beta 2 agonist or a glucocorticoid?
Beta 2 agonist
What are the effects of cromolyn?
Stabilizes the membrane of mast cells
Prevents release of histamine
What is Theophylline?
Principle Methylxanthine
How is theophylline administered?
oral
What does theopylline do to the lung?
Bronchodilation
What are the drug interactions of theophylline?
Caffeine
What are the two anticholinergic drugs used in asthma?
Ipratropium
Tiotropium
What is the effect of leukotrienes?
Bronchial constriciton
Airway edema
Mucus production
What are the leukotriene modifiers available?
Zileuton
Zafirlukast
Montelukast
What is the handheld device that is used to measure peak expiratory flow?
Peak Flowmeter