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5 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Lorazepam(Ativan)
Class:Anxiolytic,Tranq
Action:Anticonvulsant,Sedative
Ind:Major motor seizures,Stat Epil,Premed cardioversion,Acute anxiety
Cont:Hx of Hypersens
Pre:Short duration of effect,Poss precip problems if mixed c other drugs,Flumazenil should be available,diluet c NACL of D5W prior to admin
SE:Drowsiness,HT,Resp depress+apnea
Dose:0.5-2.0mg IV,can be inc. to 1.0-4.0mg
RT:IV,IM,Rect
Peds:0.05-0.10mg/kg max of 4mg
Salbutamol(Ventolin)
Class:Sympathomimetic B2 selective
Act:Bronchodilation
Ind:Asthma,reversible bronchospasm assc c COPD
Cont:Known hypersens,Symp Tach
Pre:BP,P,ECG should all be monitored, caution in pt c known heart disease
SE:Palp,HA,Dizz,Sweating,
Dose:MDI=1-2sprays 90ug/spr
SVN=0.5ml(2.5mg)in 2.5ml of NACL over 5-15min
RT:Inhalation
Peds:0.15mg/kg(0.03ml/kg)in 2.5ml NACL by SVN
Sodium Nitroprusside(Nipride,Nitropress)
Class:Potent vasodilator
Act:Periph arterial and venous vasodilator,decreases BP,Inc CO in CHF.
Ind:HT Emerg
Cont:None when used in mgmt of life threat emerg
Pre:Light sensitive,No admin to peds or obs pt.in pre hosp setting,reduce dose in elderly. Monitor BP,P,ECG
SE:NAus,Retch,Vom,Palp,Diaph,Tach,Dizz dimishing as dose is reduced.
Dose:0.5mg/kg/min
Rt:IV only
Peds:NI
Succinylcholine(Anectine)
Class:NMBA depol
Act:skel musc relaxant,Paralyzes skel musc incl resp musc.
Ind:Achieve paralysis prior to ET intub.
Cont:known hypersens to drug.
Pre:Admin only if skilled personal are present
Paralysis occurs in 1min and lasts approx 8min
SE:Prolonged paralysis,HPT,Brad
Dose:1-1.5mg/kg(40-100mg adult)
RT:IV
Ped:1mg/kg
Rocuronium(Zemuron)
Dose:
MFI:0.6-1.2mg/kg FIVP
Maint:0.2-0.6 mg/kg
Defasc:0.06 mg/kg