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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What type of drug is Warfarin (Coumadin) and what does it treat?
is an anticoagulant used to treat and prevent blood clots
What type of drug contains the stem -parin or -arin in the word?
What type of drug is Clopidogrel (Plavix) and what does it treat?
is an antiplatelet agent used to reduce the risk of stroke or heart attack in patients where plaque deposits in arterial walls obstructing blood flow.
What type of drug is Heparin and what are its uses?
Anticoagulant that prevents formation or extensions of blood clots
What do anticoagulant drugs do?
Interfere with the clotting cascade and prolong blood clotting time.
What type of drug is Enoxaparin (Levenox)?
a heparin derivative, anticoagulant
What type of drug is Daleparin (Fragmin)?
a heparin derivative, anticoagulant
What is Protamine Sulfate?
a heparin antidote
Coagulation requires ____ for synthesis.
Vitamin K
What are anticoagulants?
substances that keep blood from clotting
What is the mechanism of action of Heparin?
Helps antithrombin inactivate clotting factors
What is the treatment of Warfarin overdose/toxicity?
Vitamin K
What are the adverse effects of Aspirin?
GI Bleeding
The prototype parenteral anticoagulant is ______.
The prototype oral anticoagulant is ______.
The prototype for the antiplatelets is _______.
Clopidogrel (Plavix)
What type of drug is Aspirin?
an antiplatelet drug and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
What are antiplatelet drugs?
drugs that prevent platelet aggregation (Platelet aggregation inhibitors)
What are platelets?
fragmented cells that aid in forming blood clots.

A damaged blood vessel wall is covered by a platelet- and fibrin-containing clot to stop bleeding and begin repair.
What type of drug is Warfarin and what are its uses?
an anticoagulant used to complete treatment with heparin after clot formation
What type of drug is Clopidogrel (Plavix)?
an antiplatelet drug with vasodilating properties
What type of drug is Dipyridamole (Persantine)?
primarily a coronary vasodilator, with antiplatelet effects.
How do thrombolytic drugs work?
they assist in breaking down formed blood clots
What do thrombolytic drugs treat?
Acute MI (myocardial infarctions), pulmonary embolism, or stroke (due to blood clotting)
The prototype thrombolytic drug is ______.
Alteplase (Activase)
What is the difference between anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs?
Anticoagulants do not break down existing clots; they prevent coagulation (blood clots from forming).

Antiplatelet prevent platelet aggregation and inhibits thrombus (clot) formation. They are effective in the arterial circulation, where anticoagulants have little effect.
What is Folic Acid used to treat?
is a vitamin used to treat or prevent certain types of anemia due to folic acid deficiency
Ferrous Sulfate
What is Iron Dextran used to treat?
What is Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B-12) used to treat?
What are Leucovorin, and Epoetin Alfa used to treat?
What are three causes of Anemia?
folic acid deficiency, iron deficiency, or bone marrow failure.
Urokinase (Abbokinase)
Thrombolytic agent

An enzyme in human urine that catalyzes the conversion of plasminogen to plasmin and is used in medicine to dissolve blood clots.
Streptokinase (Streptase)
Thrombolytic agent

A proteolytic enzyme that is produced by (bacterial destruction of red blood cells), is capable of converting plasminogen to plasmin, and is used medically to dissolve blood clots.
What type of drug usually has the stem -kinase in its drug names?
Thrombolytic agents
What are the therapeutic uses of Filgrastim (Neupogen)?
Filgrastim is used to treat neutropenia (a low number of neutrophils/white blood cells), stimulating the bone marrow to increase production.

Causes of neutropenia include chemotherapy (cancer) and bone marrow transplantation.
What is a neurophil?
an abundant type of granular white blood cell that is highly destructive of microorganisms.

Neutrophils contain enzymes that kill the bacteria in the bloodstream when bacteria are ingested by the neutrophil.
Colony-stimulating factors (CSFs) are also called:
growth factors that stimulate the production of new blood cells (usually white blood cells)