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38 Cards in this Set

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Analytical Context
- step outside and examine it from an outside point of view. it allows us to go beyond just a biological description (third-ness- getting outside perspective of the self; adopting point of view of another)
Stranger's Point-Of-View
- this point of view is "in but not of" and developing thirdness (develop conclusions about how others see the world)
Implied Objectivity
-suspending judgment while drawing conclusions; provide detailed description with attention to facts
Role Taking
- a sympathetic understanding of another's feelings (one step further than thirdness- has feelings behind it)
The Critical Narrative
-willingness to be proven wrong; accepting "hostile data" (there are facts out there to be reckoned with).
- the scientific method- making hypotheses but allowing to be proven wrong
Situated Closure
- manage boundaries between gathering intimate info and forming a deep relationship with a drug user; avoiding intimate connections with the drug (falling in love with the drug).
- it's hard to find out info about drugs from people who use them; don't use the drug yourself
Dialectical Understanding
- juxtaposition of opposites
- every assertion or standpoint implies its opposite
-consider the point and its antithesis at the same time
Palliative Functions
- many drugs are equally dangerous/fatal and also comforting
- drugs can be seen as methods of destruction and methods of relief
The Inevitable Tragicomic
-whatever tragedy we are dealing with in our life eventually becomes a farse/comedy (ex: Pulp Fiction)
Paradoxial Problems of Ingestion
- orientation to addict/addictive drugs creates contradictions (addict = protagonist and antagonist; addiction = severe problem and cool state)
Proscription Paradox
- a proscription = taboo/shall not
- there are natural (incest) and non-natural (drugs and alcohol) proscriptions
- 1st paradox: irreconcilable taboox
- 2nd paradox: classical conditioning- aversion
Prescription Paradox
- prescription= things you should do
- there's a correlation between accepting medication and accepting the use of drugs in general
- it says people do generalize (opposite of proscription)
- by saying that some drugs are okay and that some drugs work we then generalize that all drugs work
- prescription creates a pill for every ill
Obdurate Risks
- pertain to addiction potential, trauma, and potential for tolerance (to the point that withdrawal after long term use and abuse can have severe consequences)
Residual Risks
- refer to the correlation between medical usefulness and physiological damage to the organs and body
Psychopathic Risks
- pertain to how repeated use can affect brain chemistry of a user, resulting in psychological and psychiatric problems
Pharmacological Essence
-human body tolerates specific drugs (so substance gets glued to cells)
- withdrawal has traumatic physical effects (visible effects)
Pleasure Principle
- Freud
- rewards (sensations and experiences), habits (repetition to achieve rewards), craving (memory of rewards)
Principle of Trans-Consumption
-human choice to use (ingest)
-transformation of a human by the use of the substance
- there's a personification of a drug (drug takes the human after the human takes it)
- "one hit, you're it"
Universal Resonance
- notion of natural triggers that stimulate specific cravings and addiction is activated. Positive feelings get associated with cravings
Chasing the High
- problem in high-tolerance substances
- people want to retrieve initial highs
Medical Model of Addiction
- addiction is an involuntary state and also a latent state
The Powerful Drop
- the overt message of the media
- reinforces the stereotype of "one hit, you're it"
- latent message
- we are one tragedy away from addiction
The Forlorn Struggle
-addiction is linked to circumstances of a lonely existence
-coping mechanisms to deal with anxiety about self, self image, isolation and panic
- the use of medical prescriptions to solve personal problems (ex: Requiem for a Dream)
Addictive Personality
- fail-safe: not all users become/stay addicts
- must be "typed" or have a "disposition" to it
-theories say it's genetic
- Psycho-Genetic Foundations
-Portrait of an Addictive Personality
The Kansas to Oz Effect
- the countercultural mythos (which romanticizes and commercializes youth rebellion) moved us from black and white into color
-before this, we morally lived in black and white
Cultural Encoding
- incorporation of literal and symbolic images(messages about drugs)- slang became incorporated into the media
- marijuana established a place in popular culture- it represented a symbol of "freedom from"
Generation Gap
- it is a separation between age group preferences (ex: kids and parents)
Symbolic Transference
-the separation within a generation
- a generation that has a contrary standpoint not only against other generations but within their own generation as well
-ex: boozers v. dopers
The Capitalistic Mystique
- the seduction of profit (getting money for our services gives us a high)
- paterfamilias myth (love/hate relationship with capitalistic father)
Reframing
- the film makeover of the counterculture in the 1980's.
- they focused on youth as prisoners in a society where the kids did not want to establish any sort of political position in the society but did not want to be identified with the counterculture
- insanity of place (metaphor of political imprisonment)
- ex: The Breakfast Club
Immediate Gratification
- reliable rewards
-same quality = same high (lack of any known physical tolerance)
-this was the case for cocaine and meth
Surplus Pleasure
- exceeds norm of minor euphoria
- mania (the far side of happiness)
Strung Psychosis
- symptoms of profound depression
-has an impact on the brain chemistry (does the brain, like the body does with alcohol and heroin)
Free Floating Anxiety
- generalized feeling of doom; chronic hopelessness
- repeated use of X supposedly made people feel like this
Insatiability
- users chasing the high
-reports of using it more and enjoying it less when trying to achieve their high
- this gave X the label of being addictive
False Correlations
- assertion of correlations between X and sudden death (obdurate risks)
- X actually causes dehydration, so that would be the real cause of death
Mythic Facts
- deemed to be true just because of where it comes from
- there were misrepresentations published in reputable outlets (like scientific journals)
- legitimation sequences (hearing it from 2nd and 3rd hand reports)
Oral Confirmations/Disconfirmations
- confirmations: individuals with multiple experiences with X confirmed the mythic facts and these oral confirmations got passed onto reputable outlets
- disconfirmations: people were responding to the mythic facts saying that as users those effects weren't true