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49 Cards in this Set

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Epinephrine hydrchloride(Adrenalin)
-The prototype of adrenergics
-The drug of choice for anaphylaxis
-The active ingredient in OTC asthma preparations
-Effects: Stimulates both alpha- and beta-receptors, Increases blood pressure, Increases heart rate, Increases blood flow to brain, heart, and skeletal muscles, Constricts peripheral vessels, Relaxes gastrointestinal smooth muscle
Norepinephrine (Levophed)
-Potent vasoconstrictor
-Used to treat: Hypotension, Cardiac arrest
Dopamine hydrochloride(Intropin)
-The immediate precursor of norepinephrine
-Dosage effects: Low doses cause renal perfusion, Low to moderate doses cause increasd cardiac output, Higher doses increase peripheral resistance and blood pressure
Dobutamine hydrochloride (Dobutrex)
-A synthetic catecholamine
-Acts directly on the heart muscle to increase the force of contraction
Isoproterenol (Isuprel)
-A synthetic catecholamine
-A bronchodilator
-Stimulates both beta1- and beta2-receptors
-Used to control shock and dysrhythmias
Ephedrine
-Less potent, but longer acting drug than epinephrine
-Used as a bronchodilator and nasal decongestant during allergic reactions
Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
-Related to ephedrine, and has similar actions
Phenylephrine hydrochloride (Neo-Synephrine)
-Stimulates the alpha-receptor, which results in vasoconstriction and nasal congestion
-Acts as a bronchodilator
Albuterol (Proventil)
-Used to produce bronchodilation
Phentolamine mesylate (Regitine)
-The prototype for alpha-adrenergic blocking agents
-Used to prevent tissue necrosis following extravasation of intravenous norepinephrine
-Prevents and controls hypertension caused by pheochromocytoma, which is a tumor that releases excessive amounts of catecholamines
Ergotamine tartrate (Ergostat)
-A vasoconstrictor that is used to treat migraine headaches. It is poorly absorbed orally, and is given sublingually, by rectal suppository, or by inhalation.
Ergotamine tartrate with caffeine (Cafergot)
-A common antimigraine medication
Doxazosin (Cardura)
-A peripherally acting antiadrenergic drug that is used to treat hypertension or BPH. It acts by blocking post synaptic alpha 1-adrenergic receptors.
Prazosin (Minipress)
-A peripherally acting, antiadrenergic drug that is used to treat hypertention or BPH. It acts by blocking post-synaptic alpha1 adrenergic receptors.
Terazosin (Hytrin)
-A peripherally-acting antiadrenergic drug that is used to treat hypertension or BPH. It acts by blocking post-synaptic alpha 1-adrenergic receptors.
Sumatriptan (Imitrex)
-A vascular headache suppressant used to treat migraines.
Propranolol hydrochloride (Inderal)
-The prototype for beta-adrenergic blocking agents
-Used to treat hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, hypertension, angina, dysrhythmias, and myocardial infarction
Metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor)
-Used to treat hypertension and dysrhythmias
Atenolol (Tenormin)
-Used to treat hypertension, angina, and myocardial infarction
Sotalol (Betapace)
-Uesd to treat dysrhythmias
Timolol maleate (Timoptic)
-An eye drop medication used to treat glaucoma
Mecamylamine hydrochloride (Inversine)
-The ganglionic blocker
-Used to treat clients who are in the advanced stages of hypertension, or in hypertensive crisis
-Also used to treat pulmonary edema (a complication of severe hypertension)
Acetylcholine
-The prototype for the direct-acting cholinomimetic drugs
Bethanechol chloride (Urecholine)
-Used for urinary retention and atony because it contracts the smooth muscle fo the bladder, and stimulates gastric motility in paralytic ileus. It is also used to treat open-angle glacoma.
Pilocarpine hydrochloride (Pilocar)
-Used to lower intraocular pressure in glaucoma by constricting the pupil
Carbachol intraocular (Miostat)
-Used to treat simply glaucoma and open-angle glaucoma
Metoclopramide hydrochloride (Reglan)
-Used to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and to treat heartburn and delayed gastric emptying due to reflux esophagitis
Neostigmine bromide (Prostigmin)
-Used to treat urinary retention and paralytic ileus
-The drug of choice in the treatment of myasthenia gravis
Edrophonium chloride (Tensilon)
-Used to diagnose myasthenia gravis
-Used to differentiate between myasthenia crisis and cholinergic crisis
-Antidote for pancuronium (Pavulon), which is a neuromuscular blocker
Pyridostigmine bromide (Mestinon)
-The maintenance drug of choice for myasthenia gravis
Atropine sulfate
-Used as an antidote to counteract the adverse effects of cholinergic agents
Atropine sulfate
-The prototype for anticholinergic drugs
-Used: Preoperatively to dry secretions, To treat bradycardia, As an antidote for cholinergic drugs, As an antidote for insecticide poisoning
Belladonna tincture
-An ingredient in several drug mixtures, is used to treat gastrointestinal disorders
Homatropine (Spectro-Homatropine)
-Eye drops used to produce mydriasis and cycloplegia
Trihexyphenidyl (Artane)
-Used to treat Parkinson's disease, and the Parkinson-like symptoms that occur with some psychoactive drugs
Oxybutynin chloride (Ditropan)
-Used to increase bladder capacity and to decraes the frequency of voiding in clients with neurogenic bladders
Scopolamine hydrobromide (Hyoscine)
-Used to treat motion sickness, manage the nausea and vomiting that accompanies general anesthesia, and produce preoperative amnesia
Carisoprodol (Soma)
-Prescribed as an adjunct to rest and physical therapy in the treatment of muscular spasm caused by acute musculoskeletal conditions
Cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride (Flexeril)
-Manages muscular spasm and severe pain associated with musculoskeletal conditions. It is similar in structure to the tricyclic depressants.
Baclofen (Lioresal)
-Used to alleviate signs and sympotms of spasticity resulting from multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, and other spinal cord diseases. High doses may produce ataxia.
Orphenadrine (Norflex)
-Less commonly used than other central-acting skeletal muscle relaxants
Dantrolene sodium (Dantrium)
-Acts directly on skeletal muscles to treat conditions associated with spasticity
-The drug of choice to treat malignant hyperthermia crisis
-May be administered with diazepam to augment its effect, but this combination causes drowsiness
Pancuronium bromide (Pavulon)
-Used to cause skeletal muscle paralysis during intubation following induction of anesthesia
Vecuronium bromide (Norcuron)
-Used to facilitate endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation
Tubocurarine chloride (Tubarine)
-Given to lessen the intensity of muscle contractions during eletroshock therapy and to assist with the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis
Atracurium (Tracrium)
-Given prior to endotracheal intubation or surgery
Rocuronium (Zemuron)
-Given prior to endotracheal intubation or surgery
Mivacurium (Mivacron)
-Given prior to endotracheal intubation or surgery
Succinylcholine (Anectine)
-A short-acting depolarizing agent