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30 Cards in this Set

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Increases alertness, reduces fine motor coordination, alters sleep patterns, and can cause headaches, nervousness, and dizziness.
Caffeine
Some drugs can be ( ? ) or ( ? ).
Helpful or harmful
( ? ) is the most widely used psychoactive drug in the world.
Caffeine
Why is caffeine popular?
Enhanced alertness and stimulation
Caffeine is a substance that exists ( ? ) in certain plants.
Naturally
Caffeine can also be produced ( ? ) and used as an ( ? ) in food products.
Synthetically, additive
Caffeine can be found naturally where?
leaves, seeds, and fruits
How many plants can caffeine be found in?
More than 60
What are some of the plants that caffeine is found in?
Tea leaves, kola nuts, coffee beans, and cocoa beans.
Excessive caffeine intake can lead to...?
Fast heart rate
Excessive urination
nausea
vomiting
restlessness
anxiety
depression
tremors
difficulty sleeping
Often pac in extra vitamins, along with caffeine, which delivers the eye opening jolt of energy, and is supposed to boost brain power.
Energy drinks
Is chocolate liquor minus the cocoa butter.
Cocoa
Contains varying amounts of chocolate liquor, cocoa butter, sugar, and flavorings.
Chocolate
Hundreds of different brands are now marketed, with caffeine content ranging from modest ( ? ) to an alarming ( ? ) per can or bottle.
50mg, 505mg
Cocoa beans are not actually beans but they are...?
Seeds from the fruit of the cocoa tree
What tree do cocoa beans come from?
Theobroma Cacao
Dark chocolate is also known as?
Bittersweet or semisweet
Are free radical fighting antioxidants
Flavanols
A group of antioxidants
Polyphenols
Caffeine is probably the most well known compound in ( ? ).
Coffee
Is produced when tea leaves are wilted, bruised, rolled, and fully oxidized.
Black Tea
Is made from unwilted leaves that are not oxidized.
Green Tea
Is made from young leaves or growth buds that have undergone minimal oxidation.
White Tea
A group of chemicals found in tea leaves and are classified as antioxidants.
Polyphenols
( ? ) have been traditionally attributed to tea.
Health benefits
White tea and green tea contains similar amounts of?
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)
EGCG stands for?
Epigallocatechin gallate
Contain a mixture of simple polyphenols, and complex polyphenols.
Oolong Tea
Is found most notably in tea and is also a potent antioxidant.
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)
Occurs when someone accidently or intentionally takes more than the normal or recommended amount of this substance.
Caffeine overdose