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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is cystitis?
Inflammation of the urinary bladder
What is pyelonephritis?
Inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis
What bacteria causes most community-acquired UTIs?
E. coli
What bacteria causes most Hospital-acquired UTIs?
Klebsiella, Proteus, Enterobacter, and Pseudomonas
Who typically gets acute cystitis?
Women of child-bearing age
Lower UTI
Single-dose therapy is more effective than short-term therapy.
T or F
What additional symptoms are present with acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis?
Fever, Chills, and Lower Flank Pain
What makes a UTI complicated?
Structural or Functional abnormality of the urinary tract (catheter, tumors, etc.)
What should be done differently in the treatment of complicated UTIs?
Microbiologic testing should be obtained before giving antibiotics
What is the difference between a UTI relapse and UTI reinfection?
Relapse- Recolonization with the same organism
Reinfection- new organism
What is done for frequent UTI occurance?
Long term prophylaxis (more than three UTIs per year)
What can be done to prevents UTIs after intercourse?
Void after intercourse
What is acute bacterial prostatitis?
Inflammation of the prostate
What are the additional symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis?
High fever, chills, malaise, myalgia, and localized pain
What are the typical UTI symptoms?
Urinary Urgency
Urinary Frequency
Urinary Retention
What are the four urinary tract antiseptics?
Nalidixic acid
What happens to Urinary Tract Antiseptics?
Become concentrated in the urine
Only for UTIs
What is Nitrofurantoin used for?
Lower UTIs
What are the adverse effects of Nitrofurantoin?
GI effects
Alveolar Infiltrates
Hematologic Effects
Peripheral Neuropathy
What are the adverse effects of Methenamine?
Liver Damage (No liver dysfunction patients)
Kidney Damage (No renal impairment patients)
How does Nalidixic Acid work?
Targets DNA gyrase