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15 Cards in this Set

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Central Nervous System Medicatons
Analgesics & Antagonists, Anesthetics, Anti-anxiety & Sedative-Hypnotic Drugs, CNS Stimulants, Psychotherapeutic Medications, Parkinson's Medications
What are the 2 divisions of drugs used to control pain?
Narcotics and Non-narcotics
Examples of Non-narcotic analgesics (and anti-inflamatory pain):
What are they used for?
- Salicilates
- Acetaminophines
- Ibuprofen
- Used for mild to moderate pain relief
Example of narcotic analgesics:
What are they used for?
- Opium derivatives
- Used for visceral pain and discomfort
What is an Opoid?

How/why do they treat pain?
- An opoid is chemically similar to opium
- Opiods function by decreasing the sensory neurons ability to propagate pain impulses to the spinal cord and brain
How is opium derived?
Opium is extracted from poppy plants and has been used for centuries for its analgesic and halucinogenic effects
How does opium work to treat pain?
Opium and its derivatives treat pain because of their similarity to nattural pain reducing peptides (endorphines)
Name a prototype opiod drug
morphine
What are opiod antagonists?
Give an example.
-Opioid antagonist reverse the effects of opioid drugs.
-Naloxone (Narcan)is the prototype
What are adjunct medications?
Medications that are administered to enhance the effects of other drugs (prolong or intesify)
Examples of Adjunct Medications?
Benzodiazapines and Antihistamines
Define 'Anesthesis':
Induce a loss of sensation to touch or pain
As a group, anesthetics cause:
respiratory, CNS and cardiovascular depression
Name three functions of anesthetics:
1. administered locally to block sensation for medical procedures
2. administered into skin around the nerves that innervate the area of the procedure
3. Decreases nerve ability to depolarize and propagate impuse to the brain
Xylocaine is a :

AKA
-anthestic
-lidocaine