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11 Cards in this Set

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Cephalosporin
(anti-infective)

similar to penicillin
- first generation- have gram pos action
- second generation- more gram neg action
- third generation- broader spectrum of action more efficacy against gram neg.
- fourth/fifth/newer generation- broader spectrum, more against resistant organisms
macrolide
(anti-infectives)

- work to inhibit bacterial protein synthesis at the level or ribosomes
- doesn't affect human, ribosomes are different from bacteria.
- bacteriostatic
aminoglycoside
(anti-infective)

- bacteriocidal
- has adverse side effect, not first line
- inhibit protein synthesis by irreversible binding to ribosome
antineoplastic agents
(anti-neoplastic)

interupt the development, growth or spread of cancer cells by inhibiting DNA, RNA and protein synthesis.
antimetabolites
prevent cell growth by affecting DNA production
antibiotics that affect cancer cells
(anti-neoplastic)

inhibiting DNA and RNA synthesis
alkylating agents
(anti-neoplastic)

affect cell growth
mitotic inhibitor
(anti-neoplastic)

derived from plants.
hormonal agents
(anti-neoplastic)

- agents that block hormone production or hormone action. They are used in carcinomas of reproductive tracts.
Sulfonamides
anti-infectives
- well absorbed from the GI tract.
- treat UTI
- elmiminated through the kidneys
nitrogen mustards
anti-neoplastic
- alkylating agents
- interact with DNA
- can cause tissue damage if extravasated.
- long term can cause gonadal damages