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18 Cards in this Set

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Name 2 groups of vitamins?
fat-soluble
water soluble
Name 8 fat-soluble vitamins?
calcifediiol
calcitriol
dihydrotachysterol
doxercalciferol
ergocalciferol
paricalcitol
phytonadione
vitamin E
Name 10 water soluble vitamins?
ascorbic acid
leucovorin calcium
folic acid
niacin
niacinamide
pyridoxine
riboflavin
thiamine
cyanocobalamin
hydroxocobalamin
Vitamins are used in the prevention and treatment of vitamin deficiencies and as supplements in various _____ disorders.
metabolic
Vitamins serve as components of enzyme systems that ______ numerous varied metabolic reactions. Necessary for homeostasis.
catalyze
Water-soluble vitamins rarely cause _______.
(ex: B-vitamins and vitamin C)
toxicity
Fat-soluble vitamins may accumulate and cause _____.
(ex: vitamins D and E)
toxicity
Contraindications?
Hypersensitivity to (3)?
additives
preservatives
colorants
Precautions?
Dosage should be adjusted to avoid toxicity, esp for ___-___ vitamins.
fat-soluble
Interactions?
_____ in large amounts may interfere with the effectivenss of levodopa.
Pyridoxine
Name 3 agents that decrease absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
cholestyramine
colestipol
mineral oil
ASSESSMENT:
Assess patient for signs of _____ _____ before and periodically throughout surgery.
vitamin deficiency
ASSESSMENT:
Assess nutritional status through ___-hr diet recall. Determine frequency of consumption of vitamin-rich foods.
24
List 2 potential nursing diagnoses?
Nutrition, imblanaced: less than body requirements...
Knowledge, deficient, related
to disease processes and medication regimen
IMPLEMENTATION:
Because of infrequency of single vitamin deficiencies, combinations are commonly administered.
okay
Encourage patients to comply with diet recommendations of physician or other hcp. Explain that the best source of vitamins is a well-balanced diet with foods from the four basic food groups.
okay
Patients self-medicating with vitamin supplements should be cautioned not to exceed RDAs. The effectiveness of megadoses for treatment of various medical conditions is unproved and may cause side effects and toxicity.
okay
EVALUATION:
Effectiveness of therapy can be demonstrated by?
prevention of or decrease in the symptoms of vitamin deficiencies