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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Name 2 groups of skeletal muscle relaxants?
centrally-acting
direct-acting
Name 8 skeletal muscle relaxants?
diazepam
orphenadrine
baclofen
carisoprodol
chlorzoxazone
cyclobenzaprine
metaxalone
methocarbamol
Name 1 direct-acting skeletal muscle relaxant?
dantrolene
Skeletal muscle relaxants are used for two major things?
spasticity associated with
spinal cord diseases or
lesions (baclofen and
dantrolene)
adjunctive therapy in the
symptomatic relief of acute
painful musculoskeletal
conditions
(cyclobenzaprine, diazepam,
and methocarbamol)
IV dantrolene is also used to treat and prevent malignant ________?
hyperthermia
Skeletal muscle relaxants act either _____ or directly.
centrally
Contraindications?
_____ and oral _____ should not be used in patients in whom spasticity is used to maintain posture and balance.
baclofen
dantrolene
Precautions?
Safety in pregnancy and lactation not established. Use cautiously in patients with a history of previous ____ disease.
liver
Interactions?
Additive ____ depression with other CNS depressants, including alcohol, antihistamines, antidepressants, opioid analgesics, and sedative/hypnotics.
CNS