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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name 8 mineral/electrolyte/pH modifiers?
alkalinizing
calcium salts
magnesium salts
phosphate supplements
potassium and sodium
phosphates
potassium phosphates
potassium salts
miscellaneous
Name 2 alkalinizing agents?
sodium bicarbonate
sodium citrate and citric
acid
Name 8 calcium salts?
calcium acetate
calcium carbonate
calcium chloride
calcium citrate
calcium gluceptatte
calcium gluconate
calcium lactate
tricalcium phosphate
Name 6 magnesium salts?
magnesium chloride
magnesium citrate
magnesium gluconate
magnesium hydroxide
magnesium oxide
magnesium sulfate
Name 1 phospate supplement?
sodium phosphate
Name 4 potassium and sodium phosphates?
monobasic potassium phosphate
monobasic potassium and
sodium phosphates
potassium phosphates
potassium and sodium
phosphates
Name 3 potassium phosphates?
monobasic potassium phosphate
postassium phosphate
potassium phosphates
Name 9 potassium salts?
potassium acetate
potassium bicarbonate
potassium bicarbonate/
potassium chloride
potassium bicarbonate citrate
potassium chloride
potassium chloride/potassium
bicarbonate/potassium
citrate
potassium gluconate
potassium gluconate/potassium
chloride
potassium gluconate/potassium
citrate
Name 3 miscellaneous mineral/electrolyte/pH
modifier agents?
sodium chloride
sodium phosphate
zinc sulfate
Minerals/electrolytes, and pH modifiers are used for prevention and treatment of deficiencies or excesses of _____ and maintenance of optimal ____-____ balance for homeostasis. Acidifiers and alkaliners are also used to promote urinary excretion of substances that accumulate in certain disease states. Name 2 examples?
electrolytes
acid-base

1. kidney stones
2. uric acid
Which physiological processes are normal electrolyte levels responsible for?
cardiac, nerve, and muscle
function
bone growth
stability of other activities
catalysts in many enzymatic
reactions
acid/base balance allows for
normal transfer of
substances at the cellular
and intracellular level
Contraindications?
Situations in which replacement would cause _____ or when risk factors for _____ are present.
excess
retention
Precautions?
Use cautiously in disease states in which electrolyte imbalances are common such as significant _____ or ____ disease, adrenal, or pituitary
hepatic
renal
Interactions?
Depend on individual agents. _____ and _____ can alter the excretion of drugs for which elimination is pH dependent. See specific entries.
alkalinizers
acidifiers
ASSESSMENT:
Observe patient carefully for evidence of electrolyte ____ or ____. Monitor lab values before and periodically throughout therapy.
excess
insufficiency
List 2 potential nursing diagnoses?
Nutrition, imbalanced: less than body requirements

Knowledge, deficient, related to medication regimen
IMPLEMENTATION:
Potassium Chloride: Do not administer ______ _______ undiluted.
potassium chloride
Review diet modifications with patients with chronic electrolyte disturbances.
okay
EVALUATION:
Clinical response to therapy can be evaluated by:
Return to normal _____ electrolyte concentrations and resolution of clinical symptoms of electrolyte imbalance.
serum
EVALUATION:
Clinical response to therapy can be evaluated by:
changes in pH or composition of _____, which prevent formation of renal calculi.
urine