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40 Cards in this Set

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Drug
Any chemical taken to alter the structure or function of the body or mind.
Prescription Drugs
Drugs prescribed by a doctor with the intent of medicinal use for healthcare.
OTC
"Over the counter" drugs that can be bought without prescriptions.
Medicine
Any drug taken to fight/ prevent disease.
Antagonistic Reaction
Reaction occurring between two pharmaceuticals in which they both become ineffective.
Additive Reaction
Reaction occurring between two pharmaceuticals in which the effect of one is increased.
Synergistic Reaction
Reaction occurring between two pharmaceuticals in which the effect of one is multiplied.
Physical Dependence
Dependency characterized by need to consume the drug to maintain homeostasis and avoid symptoms of withdrawal.
Psychological Dependence
Dependency characterized by perception of the need to consume the drug to avoid psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Withdrawal
An unpleasant syndrome following abrupt discontinuation of drug use.
Tolerance
The capacity of the body to endure or become less responsive to a substance (as a drug) or a physiological insult especially with repeated use or exposure.
Drug Abuse
Continued use of a drug for reasons other than health maintenance or wellness even when its use causes social, interpersonal, and legal problems.
Drug Misuse
Making in error in drug usage while having the intention to use it for health reasons.
Mainlining
A method of injection that involves shooting the drug directly into the blood stream. This causes the fastest and most intense high.
Popping
Subcutaneous (below skin) injection of the drug that induces a long-lasting high.
SSDS
Sudden sniffing death syndrome. Symptom of huffing or inhalant usage that occurs particularly with abuse of air conditioning, coolant, butane, propane, and the chemicals in some aerosol products. Caused by sudden rapid heart rate and then cardiac arrest.
Carcinogen
Cancer-causing agent.
Transdermal
Method of drug delivery in which the drug diffuses through the skin with a patch or other topical delivery system.
Cutting a Drug
Lacing a drug or adding substances to it, possibly to cause faster dependence.
Gateway Drug
A group of drugs, including tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana, that are often the first drugs people try and then lead to use and abuse of other more potent drugs.
Reverse Tolerance
Occurs when a heavy drinker develops liver damage and the liver no longer produces as great a quantity of the enzymes needed to break down alcohol. These people can get very intoxicated on small quantities of alcohol--much smaller quantities than are needed to affect the person who rarely drinks and addiction returns very quickly.
Alcoholism
A chronic disorder marked by excessive and usually compulsive drinking of alcohol leading to psychological and physical dependence or addiction.
COA
Children of alcoholics.
FAS
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome occurring in the children of mothers that drank heavily during pregnancy. Its symptoms include fetal death, abnormal facial features, growth problems, and central nervous system problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, or hearing.
DWAI
Driving while ability impaired by alcohol and other drugs; designated by a BAC of .05.
DWI
Driving while intoxicated because of alcohol and other drugs; designated by a BAC of .08.
Zero Tolerance
A law that applies to people under 21 in New York state who operate a motor vehicle with a BAC of .02% or more. This allows minors to be subject to a breathalyzer test and potentially charged with DWAI or DWI.
BAC
Blood alcohol concentration; a measurement of how much alcohol you have consumed.
Alcohol Poisoning
Extreme depression of nerves caused by consumption of a high dose of alcohol, causing symptoms of mental confusion, stupor, coma, vomiting, seizures, slow breathing, hypothermia, low blood sugar, dehydration, brain damage, and cardiac arrest.
Fermentation
The process by which yeast produces ethanol (alcohol) from sugar. Makes lower-proof alcoholic beverages like beer and wine.
Distillation
The process by which fermented liquid is heated to a vapor and then cooled back down to a liquid with a higher level of alcohol. Makes strong liquors such as vodka.
Steroid
Steroids are the same as, or similar to, certain hormones in the body. The body produces steroids naturally to support such functions as fighting stress and promoting growth and development. They are used to improve appearance or athletic performance but can cause development of the characteristics of opposite sex, stunted growth, intense emotional disturbance, and disruption of sexual development.
Narcotic
Narcotics are substances that are used to dull senses and relieve pain by binding to opiate receptors. These include opiates like heroin, opium, oxycontin, vicodin, and methodone.
Depressant
Depressants are substances that relax muscles by slowing down the heart, metabolism, and nervous system. These include alcohol, barbiturates, tranquilizers, sedatives, and Benzodiazepine.
Stimulant
Stimulants are substances that speed up the body and brain, causing a feeling of high energy and sensory sensitivity. These include caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines, cocaine, ecstasy, Aderol, Ritalin, and Concerta.
Inhalant
Inhalants are substances that are sniffed or "huffed" to give the user an immediate rush of drunkenness, sleepiness, staggering, dizziness, and confusion. These include electronic cleaning products, art supplies, cleaning fluids, and gasoline.
Psychedelic
Psychedelics are substances that alter mood and perception of sensory reality by blocking neurotransmitter uptake in the brain. These include LSD, PCP, peyote, mescaline, and mushrooms.
Cannabinoid
Cannabinoids are substances that produce a high, apathy, lowered anxiety, paranoia, loss of coordination, confusion, mood changes, and amotivational syndrome due to an active ingredient called THC that binds to receptors in the brain associated with feeling hungry. These substances include marijuana and hashish.
Date Rape Drug
Colorless, tasteless drugs that metabolize quickly to induce a rapid depressant response. They are often used to make people vulnerable to attack and rape because they lead to blackouts.
Flashback
Memory of a high accompanied by headaches and a temporary return to hallucination.