Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/115

Click to flip

115 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a CRASH?
a series of events that are alterable that can lead to a disaster
What is an ACCIDENT?
an event that happens by chance or unknown cause
What is an AUTOMOBILE?
any classD motor vehicle execpt motorcycles
What are the three crashes in every crash?
-vehicle
-occupants
-occupants' organs
What is the most common area for a crash to happen?
Within 25 miles of the drivers house.
When do most crashes happen?
When they are least expected
Between what times do most crashes happen?
between 4pm and 8pm
Under what conditions do most crashes happen?
Under "ideal" conditons
For how long is a Learner's Permit good for?
2 years
How much does a Learners's Permit cost? a replacemet?
$30
$15
How many questions must you correctly answer to recieve a Learner's Permit?
14 out of 20
What do you need to bring to the RMV to get a Learner's Permit?
-Original Birth Certificate
-Social Security Card
What MUST you do before you accept it?
Look it over
Where is it valid?
ONLY in Massachusetts
How fast can you drive in a thickly settled area?
30 mph
How fast can you drive in a school zone?
20 mph
How fast can you drive outside a thickly settled area?
40 mph
How fast can you drive on a state highway?
50 mph
How fast can you drive on an interstate highway
45 mph-55/65/75 mph
depending on state and population
How far before a turn may you signal?
100 ft.
What is the hand signal for a left turn?
put your left hand straight out
What is the hand signal for a right turn?
put your left hand out with your elbow bent up
What is the hand signal for slow down?
put your left hand out with your elbow bent down
When can you pass on the right?
-on a one way street
-when they are making a left hand turn
When must you stop at a stop sign?
-at the line
-at the sign
-at the crosswalk
What is an intersetction?
When two or more roads meet
What is a legal stop?
to break momentum
What is it important to do before stoping?
check mirrors
What does it mean to creep-up?
to slowly roll forward, after a legal stop, to get a better visual
When does a pedestrian have the right of way?
Once they step off the curb
-onto a crosswalk
-halfway up the street
Where must you stop for a pedestrian, when they are on the left?
5 ft. from the center line
When must you stop for a school bus?
-picking up
-dropping off
How far before a school bus stops does it warn drivers?
50 ft.
What is the penalty for a drive by if cited by a police officer?
1st $250
2nd $500 60 day suspetion
3rd $1000 1 year suspetion
How far back must you stay from a school bus? What is the penalty if you do not follow this law?
100 ft. back
a $35 fine
When don't you stop for a school bus?
-on an interstate
-going in the other direction on a divided road
What is important to consider when trying to avoid hitting an animal?
the safety of the passengers
What do you do if you hit a domestic animal?
-find owner
-call police if owner can not be found
What do you do if you hit an animal and your car is damaged?
Pull over, call police
Why is it more important not to hit large animals?
They can be fatal to driver and passengers
Why is it illeagle to keep pets in the car?
-cruelty to animals if the car is not on
-it is illeagle to keep car idling
What does yield mean?
proceed with caution, stop if neccesary
What color are yield signs?
red and white
What does a flashing red light mean?
treat as stop sign
What does a solid red light mean
come to a full stop and wait for light to change
What does a flashing yellow light mean?
warning caution
What does a solid yellow light mean?
the light is about to change to red
* if you go through and the light changes while you are in the intersection you can be fined
What does a flashing green light mean?
manually controlled by pedestrian, drawbridge, firestation, etc.
What does a flashing red and yellow light mean?
pedestrian crossing
What do you do if lights aren't working at an intersection?
Treat as a four way stop
How far behind a motorcycle should you stay?
7 seconds
Where are a trucks No Zones?
-down side
-down front
-behind
-on left
What should you do about slow moving traffic?
Check to make sure traffic isn't coming at you, sign, cross lane if neccesary, and pass
What is the penalty for intuerupting a funeral procession?
$40 fine, 30 days in jail
What traffic signals do funeral processions follow?
none
What is pre-perception time?
the mental image of a problem
What is perception time?
the observation of a potetial problem
What is reaction time?
your minds reaction to the choice of what to do
What is energy dissipation time?
the use of driving skills to dissolve kinetic energy and avoid the problem
What are passive systems?
Systems that are automatically active
What is the penalty for not wearing a seatbelt?
under 12 $25/person Primary
12-16 $25/person Secondary
16+ $25 Secondary
By how much does a lap/sholder belt reduce the chance of a fatal crash?
3-4x
How fast does an airbag come out?
80 mph
How much space should be betweent the driver and the streering wheel?
10 inches
How big should passengers in the front seat be?
4 ft. tall
100 lbs
At what speed do you start partial hydroplaning?
35 mph
At what speed do you start complete hydroplaning?
55 mph
What is viscous hydroplaning?
In th first few minutes of a storm when the water mixes with gas and grease from cars and forms a paste.
What do you do when you start hydroplaning?
-don't hit brake but come of the accelorator
-drive in the tracks of the car infront of you
How much of your range of sight is detailed?
3 degrees
What happens to your fringe vision as you go faster?
You have less
Why is fringe vision important?
it helps you to see movement
How much of driving is visual?
90%
How much of what is behind you can you see in your rear veiw mirror?
75%
How much of what is behind you can you see in your outside mirrors?
10%
How much of what is behind you is in your blind spot?
15%
When must you file a crash report?
if there is over $1000 in damage or personal injury and the crash was on public roads
How long do you have to file a crash report?
5 days
Who must recive a copy of the report?
police, insurance, RMV
*save one for yourself
Should you buy a used car if you can't get the title?
NO
What cars need title and registration?
all vehicles
What are the two types of registration?
new and used
What does M.E.E.S.T. stand for?
Massachusetts Enhanced Emissions Safety Test
What is the purpose of M.E.E.S.T.?
to keep the air clean
How often must the emissons be tested?
every other year
If a car is pulled over and needs an inspection, who is responsible?
the person driving the car
What are the three processes in an inspection?
-visual/data
-saftey test
-sticker
What is it important to have before getting an inspeciton?
registration, tickets paid etc., make sure basic things are working
Where must you have your licence plate?
Attached to the front and rear of your car.
Can the exhaust be altered?
no
How much can you alter the height of your car?
2 in.
Why would you get a black reject sticker?
if the car failed emissions
Why would you get a red reject sticker?
if the car failed safety
How much time do you have to repair an emissions problem?
60 days
How much time to you have to repair a safety problem
It must be fixed immeadiatly
*but you are allowed seven days
If the car fails, where must it be reinspected?
at the same place it was inspected the first time
How long do you have to get a new car inspected?
7 days
What is a suspention?
when you give up your right to drive
What is it when your licences is revoked?
when your right to drive has been taken away
What must you do to get your licence back after it has been suspended?
pay a reinstate fee
What must you do to get your licence back after it has been revoked?
Apply for a Learner's Permit and take a road test
*your licence will probably have restrictions
When can your licence be taken for immediate threat?
When you pose and immediate threat to public a police officer can take you licence on the spot
What happens if you licence is taken for impropler operation?
They bring you to a hearing to determine if you should or shouldn't be allowed to drive
What is the penalty for 3 speeding tickets in 1 year?
JOL-1 year suspention
over 18- 30 day suspention
What is the penalty for 5 surchargeable events in 3 years?
-required to take Driver ReTraining Program
* within 90 days or indefinite suspention
What is the penalty for 7 surchargeable events in 3 years?
-required to take Driver ReTraining Program
* within 90 days or
-60 day suspention
What is a habitual offender?
a person who gets 3 majors or 12 major/minors in 4 years
What is the penalty for a habitual offender?
loose licence for 4 years
What is the penalty for a drug offense?
you loose your licence for 1-5 years
Where is the apex of a turn?
When the pillar lines up with the corner
What does a pentagon sign mean?
school zone
What does a verticle rectangle sign mean?
regulation
What does a horizontal rectangle sign mean?
guide/information
What does a dimond sign mean?
warning
How fast should you go on an exit/entrance ramp?
45 mph