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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hands
durer
skin peeled back
davinci
muscular
angelo
death
kollwitz
elements of art
line, shape, form, value, texture, color, space
principles of design
balance, emphasis, movement, proportion, rhythm, unity, variety
composition
the arrangement of elements in teh format
contour
the edges of an object or person
single line contour
one line drawn to represent the edges of an object or person
single line bling contour
one line drawn without looking at teh paper to represent the edges of an object or person
positive form
a solid object or person; a three dimensional object
negative shape
the spaces located around a positive form
pattern
a repeated elemendt of art or repeated design
rhythm
the movement created by repetition of elements
singular - 1
alternating - 2 or more
progressive - big to small or light to dark.
construction line
a line used to locate edges, features, or angles of an object or person. they help to show where other lines should be drawn.
cross contour
lines drawn that represent the direction or curve of the surface on an object or person.
sighting
the use of a pencil or other small straight edge, held in hand with arem extended and one eye closed, in order to find angles and locations of objects and features
still life
an arrangement of objects on a table o other surface, usually indoors and typicaly flowers or food items
value
the lightness or darkness of something
shading
mkaing a drawing darker
texture
the qulality of teh surface
hatch lines
short lines that run parallel to each other to show value or direction
cross hatch
short lines that bisect each to show value
blending
the smooth applicaiton ofvalue done with the tip of the pencil turned at a slight angle
viewfinder
a small recangular frame for an atist to lok through that aids in finding an interesting composition
reflected light
light boundicng off one surface into teh shadow area of another surface
proportion
the exactness of positioning and size
frontal view
in portrait drawing the face seen from teh front providing symmetrical balance to teh head.
three quarter view
in portrait drawing teh head seen roughly from a 45 degree angle form the center
profile
in portrait drawing the side view of teh head.
ingres, jean auguste dominique
french artist and skilled painter of the neoclassical period considered to be one of the greatest draftsman in te history of western art.
da vinci, leonardo
italian renaissance draftsman painter and inventor. considered one of the great masters fo the figure and portraiture in western art.
neoclassical
an art historical period ranging from teh late 18th to mid 19th century where artists evoked the styles and goals of he ancient greeks and romans and the renaissance. particular atention was paid to exactness of drawing, often referred to now as academic style.
chalk pastels
soft multi colored media that can be applied ot paper or canvas
tones
values; generally teh amount of lightness or darkness in a color
gesture
quickly done drawing usually under three inutes in order to capture teh major movement fo teh figure bein drawn.
scribble line gesture
evenly weighted line; looks like wadded up string
pull line gesture
evenly weighted ling lines; looks like stick figures
calligraphic gesture
line weight varies from thick to thin and squigles
mass gesture
no line, just areas of liught and dark
extended gesture
a gesture drawing done for a longer period of time that eventually becomes a more modeled drawing
modeled drawing
a drawing showing three dimensionl form, generally with value
blind contour
slowly done drawing without looking at teh paper, focusing only on teh subject and its edges and shapes
construction line
a line used to locate edges features or angles of an object or person they help to show where other lines should be drawn.
georges braque
french cubist artist who along with picasso developed cubism around 1907 through 1915. only did cubism
pablo picasso
spanich cubist artist and mater of many other styles considered to be teh greatest artist of teh 20th centure. 1st to use collage
collage
an artisitc compostition made of various materials
figurative abstraction
objects and people depicted in a distorted or unrealistic manner
fractured form
showing only part or a section of an object or person
mixed media
using more than one type of drawing or painting material
mulitple viewpoint
dawing an object/person from more than one position
simultaneity
in drawing and painting, showing several sides of an object or person at the same time to create a new image.
analytical cubism
the first phase of cubism began in 1906-1907 by pablo picasso and georges vraque tha combined multiple viewpoint, fractured form, and simultaneity in a composition to create teh illustion fo teh fourth dimension
synthetic cubism
the second phase of cubism began in 1912 tha incorporated collage along with analyticla cubism thus creating images with decorative patterning and more flattened spaces
extended line
continuing a line off teh edgoe of a form
shadowing
drawing a line tha runs parallel to a form
horizon line
the edge where teh earth and sky meet
vanishing point
in linear perspective the piont on teh horizon line where lines converge to create the illusinon of depth in space
linear
made of lines or having line qulaities
one point perspective
teh technique of using a single vanishing point in linear perspective to create the illusion of depth on a flat surface. teh rule: all lines that are not horizontal or veritcal converge to teh vanishing point
multiple viewpoint
drawing an object/person from more than one position
simultaneity
in drawin and painting, showing several sides of an object or person at teh same time to create a new image.
analytical cubism
the first phase of cubism began in 1906-1907 by pablo picasso and georges braque that combined multiple viewpoint, fractured form, and simultaneity in a composition to create the illusion of the fourth dimension
synthetic cubism
teh second phase of cubism begun in 1912 that incorporated collage along with analytical cubism, thus creating images with a decoratiave patterning and more flattened spaces.
extended line
continuing a line off the edge of a form
shadowing
drawing a line that rns parallel to a form
horizon line
the edge where teh earth meets the sky
vanishing point
in linear perspective teh point on te horizon line where lines converge to create the illusion of depth in space
linear
made of lines or having line qualities
one poin perspective
teh technique of using a single vanishing point in linear perspective to create the illusion of depth on a flat surface the rule: all lines that are not horizontal or veritcal converge to teh vanishing point
overlapping
when one object covers part of another
size
in terms of perspective, teh closer an object is the larger it will be
placement
in terms of perspective, objects that are either high or low on the picture plane seem to be closer to you
detail
in terms of perspective, objects that have sharp clear edges adn crisp lines seem to be closer to you
backgound
things furthest away on teh picture plane
foreground
things closest to the viewer on the picture plane
middle ground
thingls located between the backgound and the foreground
two point perspective
the technique o fusing two vanishing points in linear perspective to create the illusion of depth on a flat surface. the rule: all lines that are not vertical converge to one of the two vanishing points
renaissance
time period from the late 1400's through the late 150's where the visual arts began to make use of exactness in drawing, oil paint, and linear perspective. artist inclue: leonardo, michaelangelo, raphael, and durer